HomeTravel BlogEmigrate to Turkey: A Comprehensive Guide to a New Life on...

    Emigrate to Turkey: A Comprehensive Guide to a New Life on the Bosphorus

    ShowTurkeyana Clinic IstanbulTurkeyana Clinic IstanbulTurkeyana Clinic IstanbulTurkeyana Clinic Istanbul

    Emigrate and live permanently where others do Vacation make - a dream that Germans who in the Turkey immigrate, fulfill year after year. This is the most important information about the country and its people.

    Table of Contents Show

    A look at Turkey as a potential immigration or emigration country

    Turkey is both a nation of immigrants and a country that offers many opportunities for those looking to start a new life abroad. With her rich History, the impressive landscapes and the pleasant Climate & Environment Turkey attracts thousands of emigrants every year who often settle in and Istanbul, Antalya, Alanya and famous resorts like Bodrum, Marmaris, Datca settle.

    The official language of Turkey is Turkish, but there are about 20 other languages ​​spoken by minorities. In the tourist center and in Istanbul, one can usually communicate in the most common European foreign languages, with English and German being the most common. However, it is better to learn some of the most important Turkish words to improve your understanding.

    The Turkish climate is mostly dry in Summer, rainy along the Black Sea coast, dry continental climate inland, hot and dry in summer, cold and snowy in Winter. Geologically, Turkey is part of the Anatolian tectonic plate, which is moving west between the north-drifting Arabian and Eurasian plates. Northern Turkey in particular is one of the most earthquake-prone regions on earth, with several earthquakes occurring in recent decades.

    Politically, Turkey is in 81 provinces broken down geographically into seven regions. If you want to immigrate to Turkey, it is important to understand visa and immigration regulations, living and working conditions, cultural differences, language barriers and security conditions. With some great tips and tricks you can successfully plan and carry out your trip to Turkey.


    An overview of the different regions of Türkiye and their characteristics

    The Marmara region and the Aegean region in the northwest are known for their ancient ruins and seaside resorts, while Central Anatolia is known for its steppe landscapes and capital Ankara is known. The Mediterranean region of the Turkish Riviera is known for its scenic beauty and historic cities like Antalya, while Turkey's Black Sea region is home to forests and mountains. Southeastern Anatolia has a steppe climate and Eastern Anatolia is the country's most mountainous region.

    • The smallest but most populous region, the Marmara region is home to the famous Bosphorus city of Istanbul and many Byzantine and Ottoman landmarks.
    • Central Anatolia is famous for its steppe landscape and its capital Ankara as well Cappadocia, a tourist Mecca.
    • The Aegean region is home to Greek and Roman ruins and popular seaside resorts, while the Turkish Riviera is known for its scenic beauty and historic cities like Antalya.
    • Turkey's Black Sea region has many forests and mountains for hiking and Winter sports as well as popular seaside resorts.
    • Southeastern Anatolia has a steppe climate, while Eastern Anatolia is the country's most mountainous region, with Mount Ararat being its most famous landmark.

    The advantages of living in Turkey

    1. Culture: Turkish culture is a fascinating mix of Eastern and Western influences and makes for a unique living experience. Expats can look forward to a rich cultural heritage, reflected in the country's architecture, art and music.
    2. Climate: Türkiye has a pleasant climate with hot summers and mild winters. This means that you can enjoy stunning beaches and beautiful nature all year round.
    3. Cost of Living: Compared to many Western countries, the cost of living in Turkey is relatively low, meaning you get more for your money here. Grocery, rent and public transport in particular are cheaper in Türkiye.
    4. Hospitality: Turkey is known for its warm hospitality and you'll feel right at home in no time Time feel welcome and accepted. Turks are warm, helpful people and you are sure to make many new friends.

    What you should know before moving

    Before planning to move to Türkiye, there are a few important things to keep in mind. This contains:

    Visa and residence permit

    To immigrate to Türkiye, you first need a visa. The requirements vary depending on the country of origin and the reason for moving, e.g.: work, study or retirement. Contact the Turkish Embassy or Consulate in your country in advance for specific requirements and procedures.

    Upon arrival in Türkiye, you must apply for a residence permit within 30 days. The duration of a residence permit depends on the type of permit granted, but can be extended provided you meet the necessary requirements.


    Turkey's official language is Turkish, and although English is widely spoken in tourist areas and larger cities, communicating in English only in rural areas can be more difficult. In order to lead a fulfilled life in Turkey and to integrate well into society, it is advisable to learn Turkish. There are many language schools and online courses that can help you with this.

    work and economy

    Turkey's economy is growing and there are opportunities for foreign workers in various industries such as tourism, education, technology and healthcare. However, without local language skills and connections, finding a job can be difficult. Therefore, it is advisable to research vacancies in advance and, if possible, apply to international companies or organizations.


    Turkey offers a variety of housing options, from modern apartments in cities to traditional houses in rural areas. Rents vary by location and amenities, but are generally cheaper than many Western countries. When looking for an apartment, you should consider the proximity to work, school and transport connections. It is recommended that you hire a local real estate agent to help you find suitable accommodation.

    Residence Permit in Turkey – What you need to know

    A residence permit is required if you plan to stay in Turkey for more than 90 days. In this section you will find information on the different types of residence permits, application requirements and the application process.

    Types of residence permits in Turkey

    Depending on the purpose of your stay, there are different types of residence permits in Türkiye:

    1. Short-term Residence Permit: This residence permit is for people who wish to stay in Turkey for a limited period of time, such as tourists, students or business travelers. The period of validity is usually one year, but can be extended in individual cases.
    2. Family Reunification Permit: This residence permit is for foreign family members of a person residing in Turkey. It enables them to live with family members living in Turkey.
    3. Long-term Residence Permit: This residence permit is valid for people who have been legally and continuously residing in Turkey for at least eight years. It offers more rights and privileges than a short-term residence permit, including the opportunity to live in Turkey permanently.
    4. Student Residence Permit: This residence permit is for foreign students who wish to study in Turkey. The period of validity depends on how long you study.
    5. Work Permit and Residence Permit: This residence permit is for foreign workers who want to work in Turkey. It is issued together with the work permit and is generally valid for the duration of the employment contract.

    Requirements for applying for a residence permit

    The requirements for applying for a residence permit depend on the type of residence permit required, but can usually include the following requirements:

    1. Valid passport: Your passport should be valid for at least 60 days beyond the expiry date of the residence permit you applied for.
    2. Proof of the purpose of your stay: Depending on the type of residence permit, you must prove the purpose of your stay in Turkey, for example with a university degree, an employment contract or proof of family reunification.
    3. Financial means: You must prove that you have sufficient financial means to support you during your stay

    Immigrating to Turkey can be an exciting and enriching experience that will open up a new life of opportunity and adventure for you. If you follow the tips and tricks above, you will be well-equipped for a successful move and you can move into your new home quickly. It is important to be prepared for the challenges of life abroad and to be open to new experiences. Turkey offers you a unique opportunity to explore fascinating cultures and stunning landscapes while living a fulfilling and exciting life.

    Overall, Turkey is a country with impressive culture, history and nature. The low cost of living, hospitable people and diverse work and leisure opportunities make it an attractive destination for expats from all over the world. With the right preparation and expectations, you can have a prosperous and happy life in Turkey.

    We wish you all the best and every success in your trip to Turkey and enjoy the fascinating world that awaits you!

    Cost of Living in Turkey

    An important factor in deciding whether moving to Turkey is right for you is the cost of living. Overall, costs in Turkey are lower than many western countries, but vary by region and lifestyle. Here is an overview of some important costs to consider:

    • Rental costs: Rental prices in Turkey vary depending on the location, size and quality of the property. In larger cities like Istanbul, Ankara or Izmir rents tend to be higher than in smaller towns or rural areas. On average you can expect to pay around €350-700 per month for a one bedroom apartment in cities, while in more rural areas you may pay less than €300 per month.
    • Food Cost: Food in Türkiye is usually quite affordable. Local products such as fruit, vegetables and meat are often cheaper than imported goods. For an average two-person household, you can expect to spend around €350 to €500 per month on groceries.
    • Transport costs: Türkiye has a well-developed and relatively cheap public transport system. A monthly ticket for public transport in big cities costs around 30-50 euros. However, petrol and vehicle prices are higher in Turkey compared to many other countries, making driving more expensive.
    • Insurance and Health Costs: The cost of private health insurance varies by provider and coverage, but you will need to pay around €50-150 per month. Some foreign insurances are not accepted in Turkey, so you should do your research before traveling and get local insurance if possible.
    • Leisure Cost: The cost of leisure activities in Turkey is also quite affordable. For example, a visit to the cinema costs around 5-10 euros, while a dinner in a medium-sized restaurant costs around 15-25 euros per person.

    Overall, the cost of living in Turkey depends a lot on your lifestyle and the region you choose. If you're willing to adjust your spending accordingly and take advantage of local prices, you can live comfortably in Turkey, where the cost of living is generally lower than many Western countries.

    Financial management for expatriates in Turkey

    When you immigrate to Türkiye, it is important to have your Finance good to manage. Here are some important information and tips to help you get your finances under control and financially secure in your new life:


    There are several major Turkish ones Couches, which offer comprehensive services to private customers and foreign customers. The most famous banks include Garanti, İş Bankası, Akbank, Ziraat Bankasi, Halk Bench and Yapi Kredi. In general, to open a bank account in Türkiye, you need the following documents:

    • Passport
    • Residence permit or a valid visa
    • Tax number (Vergi Numarası) which you can apply to the local tax office
    • Proof of address, such as an invoice or rental agreement


    As a Turkish resident, you are subject to Turkish income tax on your worldwide income. Income tax rates range from 15% to 40% and are progressive. Foreigners working in Türkiye also pay social security contributions. It is important to understand your tax obligations in Turkey and to consult a tax advisor if necessary.

    You should also be aware of possible double tax treaties between Turkey and your country of origin to avoid double taxation.

    pensions and social security

    When you work in Turkey, you pay into the Turkish Social Security System (SGK), which includes benefits such as pension, health insurance and unemployment benefits. In order to receive benefits from the SGK, you must meet certain requirements, such as B. a minimum contribution period.

    If you have acquired pension entitlements in your country of origin, you should find out whether and how these entitlements are transferred to Turkey. Several countries have social security agreements with Turkey that allow for the coordination of pension claims between countries.

    money transfer

    If you need to transfer money between Turkey and your country of origin, you have several options. These include bank transfers, online money transfer services like TransferWise or Revolut, and traditional money transfer companies like Western Union. Costs and exchange rates vary by provider, so it's important to compare the different options and choose the one that best suits your needs.

    Managing your finances in Türkiye requires careful planning and local adjustments. By understanding banking and tax matters, getting the right insurance and making money transfers more efficient, you can ensure financial security and stability in your new life in Turkey.

    Budgeting and Living Expenses

    Good financial planning also includes creating a budget that takes into account your projected income and expenses. Be sure to include all living expenses such as rent, utilities, groceries, transportation, insurance, and entertainment. Plan for unexpected expenses and set aside funds for emergencies.

    It is wise to research the cost of living in the area you intend to live in and adjust your budget accordingly. Save money with local resources and offers, like shopping at local markets or using public transport.

    Credit Cards and Payment Methods

    Credit cards are widely accepted in Turkey and cash is often not used even for small purchases. Most major international credit cards are accepted, as are Visa and MasterCard. However, it is advisable to also have some cash with you, especially if you are in a smaller shop or market.

    Make sure your credit card is enabled for international transactions and familiarize yourself with the possible fees for using it abroad. Some banks and credit card issuers offer special cards for Journeys and International Use, which charge little or no fees for international transactions.

    Long-term financial planning

    Also think about your long-term financial planning if you plan to live in Turkey for a longer period of time. These include investments, wealth accumulation and retirement planning. Find out about the various investment and savings opportunities in Turkey and consider hiring a financial advisor if necessary.

    Overall, managing your finances effectively is essential to a successful life in Turkey. Through careful planning, adapting to local conditions and using existing resources, you can achieve financial security and stability and enjoy all the benefits of living in this fascinating country.

    Money Management and Finance in Turkey

    When immigrating to Turkey, it is important to familiarize yourself with the financial aspects of life in your new country. This includes knowledge of local currencies, banking services and proper money management. In this section you will find some tips and information on how to deal with money and finances in Turkey.

    local currency

    The official currency of Türkiye is the Turkish Lira (TRY). Banknotes come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 lire, while coins are available in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 kurus and 1 lira. It is important to be familiar with exchange rates and keep an eye on current exchange rates to better understand what your money is worth in Turkey.

    banks and banking services

    Turkey has national and international banks offering various financial services. As a foreigner, you have the opportunity to open a bank account in Turkey as long as you can provide the required documents. This usually includes your passport, residence permit and proof of your address in Turkey.

    Some of the largest banks in Türkiye are:

    • Ziraat bank
    • İş Bank
    • BBVA Guarantee
    • Akbank
    • Yapı Kredi

    Many of these banks also offer online banking and mobile apps that make it easier for you to access your accounts and manage your finances.

    money transfer

    If you need to send money to or from Turkey to your home country, you have several options. These include bank transfers, online money transfer services like Wise (formerly TransferWise) or Western Union, and local money transfer companies. It's important to compare the fees and exchange rates of different service providers to find the best option for your needs.

    credit cards and cash

    Credit cards such as Visa, Mastercard and American Express are widely accepted in Turkey, especially in major cities and large retailers. However, it is advisable to always have some cash on hand as smaller shops, restaurants or street vendors may not accept credit cards.

    taxes and social security

    As a foreigner working or running a business in Turkey, you may need to deal with Turkish tax laws and social security contributions. It is important to familiarize yourself with local tax regulations and ensure that all required tax returns and payments are submitted correctly. Income tax in Turkey is progressive with rates between 15% and 35% depending on your income. In addition, employees and employers must pay social security contributions, including pension, health and unemployment insurance.

    It is recommended that you seek the help of a tax advisor or accountant to ensure you are properly complying with all tax and social security obligations.

    Cost of living

    The cost of living in Turkey varies by region and lifestyle. In general, however, the cost of living in Turkey tends to be lower than in many western countries. Rent, groceries, public transport and leisure activities tend to be cheaper. Still, you should carefully plan your personal financial needs and expenses to ensure you have a reasonable budget for living in Turkey.

    In order to live and work successfully in Turkey, it is important to have a good understanding of money management and finance. From knowing the local currency and using banking services to complying with tax regulations and planning your living expenses, planning and organizing your finances properly will help your life in Turkey run smoothly and conveniently.

    Finding a flat and accommodation in Turkey

    One of the most important factors when immigrating to Turkey is finding a suitable apartment or accommodation. There are a variety of housing options and the choice depends on your individual needs, budget and desired location. Below you will find some tips and information on finding apartments and accommodation in Turkey.


    Renting an apartment is a popular choice for expats, especially when moving to Turkey for the first time. There are many types of rental apartments, from small studios to large family apartments and villas. The rental prices vary depending on the size, location and equipment of the apartment.

    Some of the best websites to search for apartments for rent in Turkey are:

    It is also advisable to contact a local real estate agent as they may have other condos not listed online. Brokers can also assist in negotiating and signing contracts.

    Buying real estate

    Buying a property in Turkey is a good investment, especially if you are planning to live in the countryside for a long period of time. foreigners can Real Estate buy in Türkiye if certain conditions are met. This includes checking whether the property is in a military zone or a security zone.

    The buying process usually includes the following steps:

    1. Select a property and negotiate the purchase price
    2. Hire an attorney to assist you with legal issues
    3. Sign the pre-sale contract and pay the deposit
    4. Applying for verification by the Turkish military (if required)
    5. Complete the purchase and transfer the Title Deed (Tapu) into your name

    It is important to be thorough at every step of the buying process and to seek legal advice to avoid any potential problems or disputes.

    Shared room

    Another option for expats, especially students or individuals, is to rent a room in a shared apartment. This can be a cheaper alternative to renting your own apartment and also offers the opportunity to quickly make new friends and network. Shared rooms can be rented via online platforms such as or Facebook groups can be found.

    Furnished and unfurnished apartments

    Apartments in Turkey can offer both furnished and unfurnished apartments. Furnished apartments tend to be more expensive but have the advantage of not having to buy or ship your own furniture. This option is especially useful for expats who only want to live in Turkey for a short time or who are unsure how long they will be staying. Unfurnished apartments, on the other hand, are cheaper, but offer the opportunity to design furniture and furnishings according to your own taste.

    residential areas

    When looking for an apartment or accommodation in Turkey, you should take into account the different residential areas and parts of the city. Big cities like Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir have different neighborhoods with different vibes and prices. Some people prefer a quiet residential area, while others prefer proximity to business centers, restaurants, and entertainment venues.

    It is advisable to visit the different parts of the city yourself to find out which one best suits your needs and preferences. If you have children, you should also consider the proximity to schools and educational institutions.

    Contracts and legal aspects

    When renting or buying an apartment in Turkey, it is important to familiarize yourself with the legal aspects and contracts. Rental contracts usually run for one year and can be extended. Before signing, make sure you understand all the terms of the contract, including the rental period, notice period, security deposit, and utilities.

    If you have problems with your landlord or real estate agent, it is advisable to seek legal advice. There are lawyers specializing in real estate law in Turkey who can help you to protect your rights and resolve disputes.

    Finding a suitable apartment or accommodation in Turkey is an important aspect of the immigration process. By carefully considering your options, exploring the different places to live and familiarizing yourself with the legal aspects, you can be sure to find suitable and comfortable accommodation for your new life in Turkey.

    Important laws and regulations for expatriates in Turkey

    When immigrating to Türkiye, it is important to be familiar with local laws and regulations. Knowing the legal framework will help you avoid potential difficulties and ensure you understand your rights and obligations as a foreigner in Turkey. Below are some important laws and regulations that you should know as an expat in Turkey.

    residency permit

    In order to live and work in Türkiye, most foreigners need a residence permit. Depending on the reason for your stay, such as work, study or family reunification, there are different types of residence permits. Residence permit applications must be submitted to the Turkish Immigration Service (Göç İdaresi).

    Make sure you submit your application on time and include all required documentation to avoid delays or approval issues. Staying in Turkey without a valid residence permit can lead to fines, deportation or entry bans.

    work permit

    If you want to work in Turkey, in most cases you need a work permit. This permit is issued by the Turkish Ministry of Labor and must be requested by your employer. Depending on the type of work and the length of the employment relationship, there are different types of work permits.

    Working without a valid work permit can result in fines and deportation for you and your employer.

    Driver's license

    As a foreigner in Turkey, you can initially use your foreign driving license for a limited period of time (usually 6 months). After that, you need to apply for a Turkish driving license. In some cases you can easily exchange your foreign driving license for a Turkish one, in other cases a driving test may be required. The exchange or application process takes place at the local transport company.

    Alcohol and smoking

    The sale and consumption of alcohol is legal in Turkey but is subject to certain restrictions. The sale of alcohol in shops is prohibited from 22:00 p.m. to 10:00 a.m. Alcohol is also banned on some public transportation, parks and places of worship.

    Smoking is also common in Turkey, but it is forbidden in public transport, shopping malls, restaurants, cafes and other closed public places. Violations of the smoking ban are punished with fines.


    Turkey has strict drug laws with severe penalties for possession, sale and use of illegal drugs. Foreigners who break drug laws can face fines, imprisonment, or deportation.

    customs regulations

    When entering Turkey, you must observe the country's customs regulations. Imports of goods such as alcohol, tobacco, perfume and electronics are restricted. Importation of prohibited items such as weapons, drugs and counterfeit products is strictly prohibited and may result in fines, imprisonment or confiscation of items.

    family laws

    Turkey has its own family laws regarding marriage, divorce, alimony, custody and inheritance. It is important to be familiar with these laws, especially if you are planning to get married or divorce in Turkey. It is recommended that you seek advice from a family law attorney to ensure you understand your rights and responsibilities and are adequately represented if necessary.

    tax laws

    Foreigners working in Turkey or receiving income from the country are subject to Turkish income tax. Turkey also has double tax treaties with many countries to ensure you are not double taxed. It is important that you are clear about your tax obligations in Turkey and make all required tax returns and payments on time.

    Knowing the most important laws and regulations in Turkey is crucial to make your stay in the country as smooth and enjoyable as possible. By knowing your rights and duties as a foreigner and complying with the applicable laws, you can avoid any possible trouble or conflict and lead a prosperous life in Turkey.

    Important authorities for emigrants in Turkey

    As an expat in Turkey, you can come into contact with various authorities and agencies to solve your legal matters, paperwork and other issues. Here is a list of the most important authorities and institutions that you should know as an expat in Turkey:

    1. Göç İdaresi (Immigration Service): The Turkish Immigration Service is responsible for processing residence permits and other related matters related to the residence status of foreigners in Turkey. To apply for or extend a residence permit or for information on entry and exit requirements, please contact the agency. Website:
    2. Turkish Ministry of Labor (Çalışma Bakanlığı): The Ministry of Labor of Türkiye is responsible for issuing work permits to foreigners. Your employer usually has to apply for a work permit for you. However, you should be aware of the different types of work permits and their requirements. Website:
    3. Nüfus ve Vatandaşlık İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü (Population and Citizenship Affairs): This authority is responsible for issuing ID cards, passports and other important documents to Turkish citizens. If you are a foreigner wishing to apply for Turkish citizenship or have any questions about citizenship, you can contact this office. Website:
    4. Emniyet Genel Müdürlüğü (Police): The Turkish police are responsible for public security and order. You can contact the police to make a report, get help solving a crime, or find out about safety measures in your area. Website:
    5. Vergi Dairesi (Tax Office): The tax office is responsible for tax collection in Türkiye. You should contact this agency for information about your tax obligations in Turkey and how to file tax returns and payments. Website:
    6. Sosyal Güvenlik Kurumu (Social Insurance Agency): The Social Insurance Agency administers Turkey's social insurance system, including pensions, health insurance and unemployment insurance. As an employee in Turkey, you and your employer must pay social security contributions. You should contact the agency for information about your social security rights and obligations. Website:
    7. Turkish Consulate and Embassies: If you live abroad, you should contact the nearest Turkish consulate or embassy for information on visas, residence permits and other consular matters. Turkish consulates and embassies can also help in emergencies such as lost passports. Website:
    8. E-Government (E-Government Portal): Turkey's e-government portal provides online services for various government agencies including immigration, social security and taxation. You can use the portal to submit applications, arrange appointments and access a wide range of information and services. Website:
    9. İlçe Milli Eğitim Müdürlüğü (District Education Directorate): Regional Education Offices are responsible for the administration of schools and educational institutions at the local level. You can contact the agency for information about schools in your area, school admissions, and other education-related matters.
    10. Belediye (municipal government): Municipalities are responsible for municipal affairs such as waste disposal, street cleaning, parks and public transport. You can contact municipalities for information about local services, events, and regulations in your city or county.

    Cooperation with various Turkish authorities and institutions is an important aspect of expatriate life in the country. It is important to understand the responsibilities and responsibilities of these organizations so that you know who to contact if you have any questions or problems. By using the services provided and complying with the laws and regulations, you will help make your life in Turkey as smooth and enjoyable as possible.

    Driving and buying a car in Turkey

    If you plan to live and work in Turkey, owning a car can help you be flexible and independent. In this section you will find information about driving, buying and registering a car in Turkey.

    Driving in Turkey

    1. Driver's License: Foreigners residing in Turkey can use their national driver's license for a limited period of time. However, after six months in the country, you must apply for a Turkish driving license. Depending on your home country and existing agreements with Turkey, you may have to pass theoretical and practical exams.
    2. Tolls: Tolls are levied on many Turkish highways and bridges. These are recorded electronically and you need an HGS or OGS system installed in your vehicle to automatically pay the charges.
    3. Traffic regulations: In Türkiye, traffic keeps to the right. In order to be able to drive safely, it is important to be familiar with traffic rules and traffic signs. Traffic regulations such as speed limits and alcohol restrictions should be strictly followed to avoid fines or penalties.
    4. Motor vehicle insurance: Turkish law requires motor vehicle liability insurance. Also think of fully comprehensive insurance, which additionally protects your vehicle.

    Car purchase and registration in Turkey

    1. Buying a car: There is a new and used car market in Türkiye. When buying a used vehicle, it is wise to enlist the help of a knowledgeable friend or professional appraiser to ensure the vehicle is in good condition.
    2. Road Tax: As a car owner in Turkey, you are required to pay an annual road tax. The amount of the tax depends on the age and engine size of the vehicle.
    3. TÜV (Turk Muayene): In Turkey, similar to the TÜV in Germany, all vehicles must undergo regular technical inspections. The frequency of inspections depends on the age of the vehicle. You must ensure that your vehicle meets the required safety standards and that all deficiencies are corrected before submitting it for inspection.
    4. Registration: After buying a car in Turkey, you need to go to the local traffic office to register the vehicle. To do this, you need a valid identity card, driver’s license, confirmation of insurance and vehicle purchase documents. The registration and creation of a new vehicle registration document (Ruhsat) is subject to a fee.
    5. Importing Vehicles: If you wish to import a vehicle from your home country to Turkey, be prepared for a lengthy and potentially costly process. Depending on the type and value of the vehicle, import duties, VAT and other charges may apply. You must also ensure that the vehicle meets Turkish safety and environmental standards. In many cases it is easier and cheaper to buy a car in Turkey.
    6. Parking: Parking in big cities like Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir can be difficult, especially in densely populated areas. Make sure you only park in designated spots and pay local parking fees to avoid fines or towing. In residential areas it may be advisable to hire a private parking space or garage to ensure your vehicle is parked safely.

    Driving and buying a car in Turkey gives you the opportunity to explore the country at your own pace and enjoy more independence in your daily life. However, it is important to familiarize yourself with traffic rules, insurance requirements and legal obligations before driving. By following these tips and advice, you can ensure that your driving experience in Turkey is both enjoyable and safe.

    Notaries in Turkey

    Notaries play an important role in many legal and business transactions in Turkey. This section describes the functions of a Turkish notary public and when you need to use their services.

    Roles and responsibilities of notaries in Turkey

    A notary in Turkey is a public officer responsible for the notarization and certification of contracts and documents. Their duties include:

    1. Contract certification: Notaries are responsible for the certification of contracts, such as B. real estate purchase contracts, marriage contracts and articles of association.
    2. Signature Certification: A notary public certifies a signature on a document to confirm its authenticity and legal validity.
    3. Document storage: The notary is responsible for the storage of original documents and certified copies.
    4. Advice and legal information: Notaries public provide legal advice and information related to the contracts and documents they notarize.
    5. Drafting Wills and Managing Estates: Notaries can assist in drafting wills and managing estates.

    When you need a notary in Turkey

    In Turkey, you need the services of a notary for various transactions and legal matters such as:

    1. Buying or selling real estate
    2. Incorporation or change of companies
    3. marriage contracts
    4. drafting of wills
    5. powers of attorney
    6. Legalization of foreign documents for use in Turkey
    7. Certification of translations

    Find a notary in Turkey

    To find a notary in Turkey, you can visit the official website of the Association of Turkish Notaries (Türkiye Noterler Birliği). There you can search for notaries in your area and get contact information. Website:

    fees and costs

    Notary fees in Turkey are regulated by law and vary depending on the type of transaction or document. Before hiring the services of a notary, you should understand the fees involved to avoid unexpected charges.

    Notaries play an important role in many legal and business transactions in Turkey. If you live or do business in Turkey, it is important to be clear about a notary's roles and responsibilities and when you need their services. By working with a qualified and experienced notary, you can ensure that your legal matters are taken care of be treated properly

    E-Devlet - Turkey's e-government portal

    E-Devlet (Electronic Government) is the official online portal of the Turkish government that allows Turkish citizens and residents to access various electronic services. This section provides information about e-devlets and how to use them.

    What is E-Devlet?

    E-Devlet is a one-stop online portal developed by the Turkish government for easy access to various government services. With E-Devlet, you can perform bulk transactions, view documents, and submit applications without having to physically go to an institution. Some of the services provided by E-Devlets include:

    1. Access personal information such as tax numbers, social security data, and driver's license information.
    2. Application and renewal of passports and identity cards.
    3. Access to educational and exam results.
    4. Payment of traffic fines and tolls.
    5. Track pension and benefits.
    6. Notification of address changes.
    7. Verification of tax and insurance contributions.

    Access to E-Devlet

    To use E-Devlet you need a personal account. As a foreigner, you can create an account if you have a valid Turkish Tax Identification Number (Vergi Numarası) and a phone number registered in your name.

    1. Visit the official E-Devlet website:
    2. Click Üye Ol (Sign In) to create an account.
    3. Enter your personal data, your tax number and your telephone number.
    4. After registering, you will receive an SMS with an activation code that you must enter on the website to activate your account.
    5. After activating your account, you can login with your Turkish tax number and password to access various e-devlet services.

    E-devlet app

    E-Devlet also offers mobile applications for iOS and Android devices that provide access to many E-Devlet services. The app can be downloaded from the App Store or Google Play.

    E-Devlet is a useful tool for foreigners living or working in Turkey as it facilitates access to basic government services. By using E-Devlet you can save time and do many transactions and applications from the comfort of your own home. Registering and using E-Devlet is easy, all you need is a valid Turkish tax identification number and a registered phone number.

    Benefits of E-Devlet

    By using E-Devlet you will benefit from various advantages such as:

    1. Time savings: Since you can process many services online, you save time that you would otherwise have to go to the authorities in person.
    2. Convenience: You can use the e-devlet service at home or on the go, whichever suits you best.
    3. Security: The E-Devlet system is designed to protect your personal information and minimize the risk of identity theft.
    4. Green: E-Devlet contributes to greener management by reducing paper documents and personal administrative procedures.
    5. Centralization: E-devlet provide a single point of access to various government services without having to access multiple websites or portals.

    Important tips for using E-Devlet

    When using e-devlets, keep in mind a few important tips to get the most out of your system and avoid potential problems:

    1. Keep your personal information up-to-date: Make sure your personal information in the e-devlet is correct and up-to-date in order to avoid any problems while using the service.
    2. Protect your password: Choose a secure password for your e-devlet account and do not share it with anyone.
    3. Using the Help and Support Features: If you have any questions or problems using E-Devlet, please use the Help and Support features on the Website or in the Application for assistance.
    4. Check your account activity regularly: Log in to your e-devlet account regularly to check your transactions and applications and make sure everything is correct.
    5. Be aware of deadlines and requirements: Find out about the deadlines and requirements of different services to ensure your application is processed promptly and correctly.

    E-Devlet is an invaluable tool for anyone living, working or doing business in Turkey. With their numerous functions and services, e-government portals offer easy access to important government services and help you to save time and effort. By becoming familiar with e-devlets and following the tips above, you can ensure you get the most out of this handy system.

    Mavi Kart - The blue card for foreign professionals in Turkey

    Mavi Kart, also known as Blue Card or Blue Card, is a special residence permit for foreign professionals who want to work in Turkey. In this section you will learn more about the benefits of Mavi Kart, the application requirements and the application process.

    What is the Mavi Kart?

    Mavi Kart is a residence permit for foreign professionals who want to work in Turkey. It allows qualified workers to live and work in Turkey without having to apply for extended residence permits on a regular basis. Mavi Kart is valid for four years and can be renewed afterwards.

    Advantages of the Mavi Kart

    Mavi Kart owners benefit from various advantages such as:

    1. Permanent Work Permit: Mavi Kart allows you to work in Turkey without any time limit.
    2. No need to renew your residency permit: Unlike other residency permits, you don't need to apply for renewal regularly through Mavi Kart.
    3. Easier family reunification: Mavi Kart owners can bring their spouses and minor children to Turkey more easily.
    4. Access to Social Benefits: Mavi Kart owners are entitled to the same social benefits as Turkish citizens, including healthcare and pension entitlements.

    Requirements for applying for a Mavi Kart

    To apply for Mavi Karts, you must meet certain requirements:

    1. Professional qualification: You must have completed a university degree or have an equivalent professional qualification.
    2. Job offer: You must have a concrete job offer from a Turkish employer.
    3. Minimum salary: The salary you offer must be at least 1,5 times the average gross salary in Turkey.
    4. Experience: You should have at least five years of professional experience.

    Application process for the Mavi Kart

    The application process for Mavi Kart is divided into several steps:

    1. Applying for a work permit: Your employer in Turkey must first apply for a work permit for you at the Turkish Labor Office (İŞKUR).
    2. Visa Application: Once your work permit has been approved, you will need to apply for a visa to enter Turkey. This is usually done at the Turkish Embassy or Consulate in your country.
    3. Entry into Turkey: After receiving the visa, you will enter Turkey and receive a temporary residence permit that allows you to stay in the country while your Mavi Kart application is being processed.
    4. Mavi Kart Application: Within 30 days of entering Turkey, you must go in person to the relevant immigration office (Göç İdaresi) and submit your Mavi Kart application. You must present your passport, a job offer, proof of your qualifications and work experience and proof of salary.
    5. Mavi Kart Award: After successful review of your application, you will receive a Mavi Kart to live and work in Turkey.

    Extension of the Mavi Kart

    Mavi Karts are valid for four years. If an extension is necessary, you must submit an application for an extension to the responsible foreigners authority in good time before the expiry of the period of validity. Upon renewal, you must demonstrate that you continue to meet the Mavi Kart eligibility requirements, particularly those related to your job and salary.

    Mavi Kart is an attractive option for foreign professionals looking to live and work in Turkey. It offers many advantages such as permanent work permits, simplified family reunification and access to social benefits. To apply for Mavi Karts, you must meet certain requirements and go through a multi-stage application process. If you want to race a Mavi Kart, it's important to understand the requirements and the application process upfront to ensure you complete all the necessary steps correctly and on time.

    Bringing Pets to Turkey – Rules and Regulations

    If you are immigrating to Turkey and want to bring your pets with you, there are some important rules and regulations that you need to know. This section tells you which ones entry requirements are applicable to pets entering Turkey and what steps you need to take to ensure your pets can enter Turkey easily.

    Requirements for entry of pets into Turkey

    To bring your pet to Turkey you must meet the following requirements:

    1. Microchip: Your pet must be tagged with an ISO compliant microchip for identification. The microchip must be inserted before the rabies vaccination.
    2. Rabies Vaccination: Your pet must be vaccinated against rabies. Vaccinations must be done at least 21 days before entering Turkey, but no more than 12 months.
    3. Health Certificate: You will need a health certificate issued by a licensed veterinarian in your country certifying that your pet is healthy and has had all required vaccinations. The health certificate must not be older than 10 days after entry.
    4. Entry registration: You must register your pet with the competent Turkish veterinary authority for entry and submit all the necessary documents.
    5. Deworming and Mite Removal: Your pet should be dewormed and dewormed before entering Turkey. This should normally be done within 10 days of entry.

    Steps to prepare for your pet's entry into Turkey

    In order for your pets to enter Turkey smoothly, you should take the following steps:

    1. Stay up to date on the current requirements and regulations regarding pet entry to Turkey. Requirements are subject to change, so it's important to stay current.
    2. Make sure your pet is microchipped to ISO standards and vaccinated against rabies.
    3. Contact a licensed veterinarian for medical certificates and other required documentation.
    4. Have your pets dewormed and treated for fleas before entry.
    5. Register your pet with the relevant Turkish Veterinary Authority for entry and make sure you have all the required documents.

    If you want to bring your pets to Turkey, be sure to follow the applicable rules and regulations. Before traveling to Turkey, make sure your pet has all the necessary vaccinations and relevant documents. By planning ahead and making the necessary preparations, you can ensure your pet's entry to Turkey is smooth and you can enjoy your new life together.

    Adaptation to life in Turkey with pets

    After your pet has successfully entered Turkey, there are a few things you should consider to make the acclimatization in the new country as smooth as possible:

    1. Veterinary Care: Find out about local veterinarians and vet clinics in your area to ensure your pet gets the best medical care when they need it.
    2. Pet Recreational Opportunities: Explore the area to find the right trails, parks, and green spaces for your dog. Note that there are also many stray dogs and cats in Turkey, so you should always be vigilant and make sure your pets are safe.
    3. Climate Adaptation: The climate in Türkiye varies from region to region. Make sure your pet has enough time to acclimate to the new climate and provide adequate shelter from heat or cold.
    4. Socialization: It is important to get your pet used to the Turkish culture and way of life. This can be done by interacting with other pet owners and their animals, attending animal activities or dog schools.
    5. Registration: Some cities and municipalities in Turkey require pets to be registered with the local municipality. Please check with your local authorities for applicable regulations and registration procedures.
    6. Pet-friendly accommodation: When looking for an apartment or house in Turkey, you should make sure that pets are allowed. Find out in advance what pet-friendly options are available in your desired area.

    By meeting your pet's needs and making sure they are comfortable in their new environment, you can help ensure that you and your pet adjust successfully to life in Turkey.

    Customs regulations for entering Turkey - What you need to know

    When immigrating to Turkey, you must also familiarize yourself with the customs regulations that apply to the importation of personal effects, vehicles and other items. This section describes the most important customs regulations to be observed when entering Turkey.

    personal baggage

    When entering Turkey, you can import personal items duty-free for your own use. This includes clothes, shoes, books, personal care items, electronic devices such as laptops or smartphones and other personal items that you use on a daily basis.

    However, there are some limitations for some items:

    1. Alcohol and tobacco: Passengers over the age of 18 can carry up to 1 liter of alcohol and 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 200 grams of tobacco duty-free.
    2. Perfume: Up to 5 perfume bottles with a maximum capacity of 120 ml each can be carried duty-free.
    3. Medicines: Medicines may be brought in, provided they are for personal use and do not exceed the quantities required for the duration of your stay. In some cases, a medical certificate may be required.

    removal goods

    If you immigrate to Turkey, you can usually import your removal goods duty-free, provided they are used items that you have owned for at least 6 months and that you would like to continue using after the move. This includes furniture, appliances, books, art, and other items that are part of your regular household.

    In order to be able to import your removal goods duty-free, you must present a number of documents, including:

    1. A detailed inventory of your belongings, detailing everything you intend to bring with you.
    2. Photocopy of passport.
    3. A copy of your residence permit or visa.
    4. Proof of your residency in Turkey, e.g. B. Rental agreement or purchase agreement.


    The import of vehicles to Türkiye is subject to special customs regulations. As a foreigner, you can import a vehicle for personal use, but you must obtain a Turkish driver's license within 6 months of importing the vehicle.

    Imported vehicles usually have customs duties, the amount of which depends on factors such as the value and age of the vehicle, displacement and engine type (petrol or diesel). In order to import a vehicle to Türkiye, you must present the following documents:

    1. A copy of your passport.
    2. A copy of your residence permit or visa.
    3. The vehicle's original registration certificate.
    4. A valid international driver's license.

    Please note that Turkish car customs regulations are subject to change and it is recommended that you check the current regulations before arriving in Turkey.

    goods for commercial use

    If you wish to import goods into Turkey for commercial purposes, you will need to comply with applicable customs regulations and possibly pay duties and taxes. To import merchandise, you usually need an import license and have to complete the relevant customs formalities.

    Prohibited and Restricted Items

    Certain items may not be imported into Türkiye or only in limited quantities. This contains:

    1. Drugs and narcotics: The importation of drugs and narcotics is strictly prohibited and can result in severe penalties.
    2. Weapons and Ammunition: The importation of weapons and ammunition is prohibited without permission from the Turkish authorities.
    3. Plants and Animals: The importation of plants and animals is strictly controlled and in some cases may be prohibited or restricted.
    4. Antiquities and Relics: The importation of antiques and relics is generally prohibited unless they are for personal use and have no historical or cultural value.
    5. Counterfeit Goods: Importing counterfeit goods, such as B. counterfeit branded products is prohibited and penalties may be imposed.

    When entering Turkey, it is important to familiarize yourself with the applicable customs regulations in order to avoid problems when importing personal effects, vehicles and other items. By doing your research in advance and obtaining the necessary documents and permits, you can make the moving process smoother and avoid unpleasant surprises.

    Turkish Identity Number - What you need to know

    The Turkish Identity Number (Türkçe: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Kimlik Numarası, short: TC Kimlik No.) is a unique 11-digit number assigned to every Turkish citizen and foreigner living in Turkey. The identity number is essential for many administrative and legal transactions in Turkey, such as opening a bank account, registering with public services or applying for a residence permit.

    How to get a Turkish Identity Number?

    Foreigners wishing to live or work in Turkey must apply for a Turkish ID number. Applying for an ID number is usually part of the process of obtaining a residence permit. Once your residence permit is approved, you will automatically receive a Turkish ID number.

    If you are already living in Turkey but do not have an ID number, you can apply for one at the nearest Nüfus ve Vatandaşlık İşleri Müdürlüğü (Population and Citizenship Office) or Aliens Police Station (Yabancılar Şube Müdürlüğü). Applying for an ID number is free.

    What documents are needed to apply for a Turkish Identity Number?

    To apply for a Turkish ID number, you usually need the following documents:

    1. Passport: Copy of valid passport.
    2. Residence Permit: Copy of valid residence permit or visa.
    3. Biometric passport photos: Two recent biometric passport photos.
    4. Rental agreement or purchase agreement: Proof of residence in Turkey, e.g. B. a rental or purchase agreement for a property.

    How is the Turkish Identity Number used?

    Turkish ID numbers are used for various administrative operations and transactions in Turkey such as:

    1. Registration for Public Services: An ID number is required to register for public services such as Social Security, Medicare, or unemployment insurance.
    2. Bank Transactions: You need an ID number to open a bank account or conduct financial transactions in Turkey.
    3. Contracts and legal transactions: An ID number is required to conclude a contract, such as a rental contract or a real estate purchase contract.
    4. Tax return: An ID number is required for tax returns and other tax matters.
    5. Educational institutions: An ID number is required to register at Turkish universities and schools or for language courses.
    6. Communication service: When concluding a mobile phone contract or when surfing the Internet an identification number is required.
    7. Utilities: An ID number is required to register a gas, water or electricity service in your name.
    8. Driver's License: You need an ID number to apply for a Turkish driver's license or to convert your foreign driver's license.

    A Turkish ID number is an important requirement to live and work in Türkiye. Applying for an ID number is an important part of the residence and work permit process. Identification numbers are required in many situations and for a variety of administrative processes, which is why it is important to keep them safe.

    Moving costs to Turkey – What you should know

    Moving to Turkey can be an exciting experience, but it is also important to plan carefully and consider moving costs. The cost of an international move can vary depending on size and distance. In this section, we explain some of the key factors that affect moving costs and provide tips on how to save money.

    Factors affecting moving costs

    1. Distance: The distance between your current place of residence and your new place of residence in Turkey is one of the most important factors in moving costs. The greater the distance, the higher the shipping costs are usually.
    2. Removal goods: The quantity and weight of the removal goods can have a major impact on the removal costs. The more items you need to ship, the higher the cost.
    3. Shipping Method: The shipping method you choose for your move affects the cost. Air freight is usually faster than sea or road freight, but also more expensive.
    4. Insurance: Moving insurance is important to protect your belongings from damage or loss during transit. The insurance costs depend on the sum insured and the risks covered.
    5. Customs Duties: Customs duties may apply when bringing personal property into Turkey, especially when importing vehicles or goods. Find out in advance about applicable customs regulations and fees.
    6. Movers: Movers' costs vary depending on the provider and the services they offer. It is advisable to obtain several offers and to compare prices and services carefully.

    Tips to reduce moving costs

    1. Reduce your removal goods: Go through your household effects and decide which items you really want to take with you to Turkey. The fewer items you send, the lower your moving costs.
    2. Off-Season Moving: If you have the flexibility, plan your move off-season when there is less moving demand and prices can be lower.
    3. Group Shipping: Check with your mover to see if they offer group shipping or combined container options. By bundling your moving shipment with other customers' shipments, you can save money by sharing container or shipping costs.
    4. Sell ​​or donate unnecessary items: Consider whether certain items are worth shipping to Turkey, especially if they are easy to replace or expensive to import. Sell ​​or donate unwanted items and buy them back in Turkey if needed.
    5. Find out about tax deductions: In some cases, you can claim moving expenses for tax purposes, especially if you are moving for work reasons. Please check with your tax adviser or the relevant authorities to determine if you are entitled to such an exemption.
    6. Compare Movers: Get quotes from multiple movers and compare prices and services to find the best deal.
    7. Pack yourself: If you can pack your own things, you can save money by skipping the porter's packing service.
    8. Choose the cheapest mode of transport: Weigh the pros and cons of different modes of transport and choose the cheapest option that suits your needs.

    The cost of moving to Turkey can vary depending on the distance, cargo being transported, method of transportation and other factors. To save money and keep costs as low as possible, it is important to plan carefully and consider different options. Reduce the burden of moving, compare moving companies, choose the cheapest shipping route and find out about possible tax breaks to reduce moving costs.

    Turkish culture - tradition and modernity

    Turkish culture is characterized by a long history and a mixture of influences from Europe, Asia and the Middle East. Turkey is a country where tradition meets modernity, which is evident in many aspects of culture. As an expat, knowing and respecting Turkey's cultural identity is important in order to successfully assimilate in the country and lead a fulfilling life.

    hospitality and social interaction

    Turks are known for their hospitality. It is common to invite friends, family, and even strangers into the home and offer them food and drink. As a guest, you are expected to accept these invitations and respect local customs and etiquette. For example, it is customary to remove shoes before entering a home.

    In social interactions, respect and courtesy are important. Physical contact between the sexes, especially in public places, may be considered inappropriate in Turkey. Therefore, caution and restraint should be exercised, especially in more conservative regions.

    religion and traditions

    Turkey is a secular country inhabited by people of different religions and beliefs. However, the majority of the population is Muslim and Islam plays an important role in everyday life and culture. It is important to respect religious customs and traditions, even if you belong to another religion or are not religious.

    During the Islamic month of Ramadan, Muslims are advised not to eat, drink or smoke in public during the sunrise to sunset fast. One should also be considerate of others when praying and near Moscheen do not play loud music or disturb.

    Clothing and dress codes

    There is no strict dress code in Turkey, and dress codes vary by region and personal preference. In larger cities and tourist areas, western clothing is widely used and accepted. However, in more conservative areas care should be taken to wear appropriate clothing that covers shoulders and knees.

    Appropriate clothing must be worn when visiting a mosque. Women should cover their hair with a scarf, and both men and women should wear clothing that covers their arms, legs, and shoulders.


    The official language of Türkiye is Turkish. It is best if you have at least a basic knowledge of Turkish in order to find your way around in everyday life and to better integrate into the local community. English is widely spoken in big cities and tourist areas, but finding English speakers in rural areas and off the beaten path can be difficult.

    There are many ways to learn Turkish such as language schools, online courses or language partners. Turks are usually very helpful and happy when foreigners learn their language and show an interest in their culture.

    Celebrations and holidays

    Türkiye has various festivals and Holidays religious and secular in nature. Some of the most important festivals and holidays are:

    • Ramadan-Bayramı (Sugar Festival): A festival at the end of Ramadan, celebrated with family gatherings, food and gifts.
    • Kurban-Bayramı (Feast of the Sacrifice): An Islamic holiday celebrating Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son. People typically mark the day by slaughtering animals and sharing the meat with family, friends, and those in need.
    • Cumhuriyet Bayramı (Republic Day): 29. October Celebrates the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923. There are celebrations and parades across the country.
    • Nisan (National Sovereignty Day and Children): 23. April This holiday celebrates the founding of the Turkish National Assembly in 1920 and is also a day dedicated to children.

    Visiting these festivals and holidays can be a great opportunity to learn more about Turkish culture and build relationships with your Turkish neighbors and friends.

    Culinary delights

    Turkish cuisine is diverse and offers an abundance of flavors and dishes. Typical dishes that you should definitely try are:

    • Döner: Grilled or fried meat that can be prepared in different ways, such as doner, Şiş kebab or Adana kebab.
    • Meze: A collection of appetizers, usually served cold, including a variety of vegetable and yogurt dishes.
    • Baklava: A sweet pastry made from thin dough filled with nuts and topped with simple syrup or honey.
    • Turkish tea (çay) and coffee: Both beverages are part of the everyday life of the Turks and can be drunk at any time of the day and on different occasions.

    Turkish culture offers many fascinating aspects just waiting to be discovered. By familiarizing yourself with the customs, traditions and language, you can successfully integrate into Turkish society and lead a fulfilling life in this diverse and welcoming country.

    art and music

    Turkey has a rich arts and music scene, from classical Ottoman music to modern pop, from traditional calligraphy to contemporary art. Museums, galleries and cultural centers offer many opportunities to learn about different art forms and styles of music.

    Turkish music styles like Türku (Turkish folk music), Arabesque and Turkish pop are very popular in Turkey. Concerts and festivals take place throughout the year and provide an opportunity to see local and international artists perform live.

    sports and leisure activities

    Football is the most popular sport in Turkey, both as a spectator sport and as a leisure activity. Turkey has several football clubs in the top division Süper Lig and it is not uncommon to see people playing football on the streets or in parks. Other popular sports include basketball, volleyball and wrestling.

    Turkey also offers a wide range of leisure activities, from outdoor activities such as hiking, mountain biking and water sports to indoor activities such as yoga, dancing and gyms. Depending on where you live, you have many opportunities to stay active and make new friends.

    Adaptation to Turkish culture is an important aspect of immigration to Türkiye. By learning about customs, traditions and cultural differences, you can integrate seamlessly into Turkish life and fully enjoy your new life in this fascinating country. Consider different aspects of culture from social interactions, religion and traditions to language, arts, music, sports and leisure activities for a full understanding of Turkish culture and a full life in Turkey.

    Learn Turkish - Basics and Resources

    Turkish is an important aspect of Turkish culture and daily life. As an expat, it is advisable to have at least a basic knowledge of the Turkish language in order to find your way around in everyday life and to integrate successfully into the local community. Turkish is an agglutinating language that belongs to the Turkic family of languages ​​and is distinct from other European languages. However, with motivation and the right resources, it is possible to learn Turkish.

    Basics of the Turkish language

    Turkish grammar differs in some respects from that of many European languages. Some of the most important features of Turkish grammar are:

    • Word order generally follows the order of subject and object verbs.
    • Turkish is an agglutinative language, meaning that suffixes are attached to root words to convey meaning and grammatical function.
    • There is no article, but the definite article is indicated by adding a possessive suffix.
    • There are six cases: nominative, accusative, dative, genitive, locative and ablative.
    • Conjugate verbs to express tense, mood, and posture.

    Resources for Learning Turkish

    There are many resources to help you learn Turkish. Some of them are:

    1. Language courses: Many cities offer language courses led by qualified teachers. These lessons can be offered in groups or individually and are a great way to learn the basics of a language and develop skills.
    2. Online Courses: There are many online resources and apps that offer Turkish courses. Some of the most popular are Duolingo, Babbel, Rosetta Stone, and Memrise. Often free or low-cost, these courses offer flexible study options that can be adjusted to fit your schedule and pace of study.
    3. Language tandem: Language tandem is a partnership between two people who want to learn the other's language. You can search for language partners in your community or online to organize regular language exchange meetings. These meetings can be informal and are a great way to practice language skills in a relaxed environment.
    4. Books and Textbooks: There are a variety of textbooks, dictionaries and other resources to help you learn Turkish. These materials can be purchased at bookstores, libraries, or online.
    5. Language and Culture Clubs: There are Turkish Language and Culture Clubs in many cities that organize events, courses and conferences for those interested in learning about Turkish language and culture. These clubs offer an excellent opportunity to meet like-minded people, practice your language skills and learn more about Turkish culture.
    6. Media: Exploiting Turkish media such as films, TV shows, music, books, newspapers and magazines can help you improve your language skills while gaining a better understanding of Turkish culture and everyday life. Online streaming services and media platforms offer a wide variety of Turkish content to aid you in your studies.
    7. Practice in everyday life: Take every opportunity to use your knowledge of Turkish in everyday life, be it when shopping, at markets, in restaurants or in conversation with neighbors and colleagues. The more you use the language, the faster you will improve and become more comfortable in a new environment.

    patience and motivation

    Learning Turkish can be challenging, especially if you are new to Turkish. Still, it's important to be patient and stay motivated. The more you are exposed to the language, the faster you will improve. Remember that even small successes in language learning are important and will help you feel more comfortable in your new home in Turkey.

    In summary, learning the Turkish language is an important aspect of immigrating to Türkiye. With the right resources and an engaging approach, you can learn the language and successfully integrate into Turkish life. Make the most of your new life in Turkey by taking advantage of a variety of Turkish learning opportunities, from language courses to online resources to daily practice.

    Education and school system in Turkey

    The education system in Turkey is centrally organized and consists of several levels, including kindergarten, elementary school, middle school and high school. As an expat in Turkey, especially if you have children, it is important to understand the school system and the different educational options in order to make the right choice for your family.

    Structure of the Turkish education system

    The Turkish education system is divided into the following levels:

    1. Kindergarten (Anaokulu): Kindergarten is for children aged 3 to 5 years and is optional. Classes focus on play and social interaction to encourage children's cognitive and emotional development.
    2. Elementary school (İlkokul): Elementary school is for children aged 6 to 10 and lasts four years (1st to 4th grade). Tuition is compulsory and focuses on basic skills such as reading, writing, math and science.
    3. Secondary School (Ortaokul): Secondary school lasts four years (grades 5 to 8) for students aged 11 to 14. At this stage, students study a broader range of subjects such as literature, mathematics, science, social studies, foreign languages ​​and art.
    4. Oberschule (Lise): Oberschule is a four-year program (grades 9-12) for students aged 15-18. At this level, students can choose between different types of schools, such as general grammar schools, vocational grammar schools or specialist grammar schools.

    After graduating from high school, students have the opportunity to continue their studies at a university, technical college or vocational school.

    International schools and private schools

    In addition to public schools, there are international schools and private schools in Turkey, which offer another option for foreign families. International schools often offer programs from other countries, such as the International Baccalaureate (IB), British or American programs. These schools are a good choice for families seeking an international education for their children or planning to return to their home country in the future.

    Private schools in Turkey generally offer better facilities, smaller classes and extracurricular activities than public schools. However, tuition fees at international schools and private schools are usually higher than the cost of attending a public school.

    language and integration

    Learning Turkish is an important aspect of integration into the Turkish education system. In public schools, the main language of instruction is Turkish, although one foreign language (usually English) is compulsory. For foreign students who have just arrived in Turkey and are not yet proficient in the language, some schools offer additional Turkish language courses to help students learn the language and adapt to the school system.

    International schools usually teach in English or another foreign language, depending on the school's place of origin. These schools often also offer Turkish language courses to give students the opportunity to learn the local language and better integrate into Turkish culture.

    The Turkish education system offers various opportunities for foreign families immigrating to Turkey. It's important to research different types of schools and education options to make the best choice for your family. When choosing a school for your child, consider factors such as the language of instruction, the curriculum, tuition fees, and the availability of additional support services. Regardless, learning the Turkish language can play an important role in integrating your family into Turkish life and the school system.

    Family Reunification in Turkey – Requirements and Procedures

    If you are immigrating to Turkey and want to bring your family over, family reunification is an important consideration. In order for you and your family to live together easily, in this section we explain the requirements and procedures for family reunification in Turkey.

    requirements for family reunification

    To apply for family reunification in Türkiye, you need to meet a few requirements:

    1. Residence Permit: Family members (applicants) residing in Turkey must be in possession of a valid residence permit such as B. Work, study or permanent residence permit.
    2. Health Insurance: Family members must have valid health insurance recognized in Turkey.
    3. Proof of Income: Applicants must prove that they have sufficient financial means to support their family. This may require an employment contract, salary statement or bank statement.
    4. Proof of housing: Applicants must prove that they have sufficient living space for their family. This may require a lease or proof of ownership of the property.
    5. Marital status: Applicants must prove their marital status and family relationships through official documents such as B. Marriage certificate, birth certificate of the children or similar documents.

    procedures for family reunification

    1. Online Appointment: The applicant needs to make an appointment at the relevant Immigration Office (Göç İdaresi) to submit the application for family reunification. This can be done through the e-devlet portal or the USCIS website.
    2. Prepare Documents: Applicants must prepare all of the required documents listed above and bring them to USCIS for an appointment.
    3. Application Submission: During the USCIS appointment, the applicant must complete the Family Reunification Application Form and submit all required documents. The immigration authorities examine the application and decide whether to issue a residence permit for the family member.
    4. Visa Application: Once the residence permits of family members have been approved, they must apply for a visa at the Turkish Embassy or Consulate in their home country.
    5. Entry and Residence Permits: After obtaining the visa, family members can enter Turkey within 30 days of arrival and collect a residence permit card from the Immigration Office.

    Family reunification is an important aspect for immigrants who want to bring their families to Turkey. Prerequisites for family reunification are a valid residence permit, sufficient financial means, proof of accommodation, proof of marital status and health insurance. The family reunification procedure includes making an appointment at the Immigration Office, preparing the necessary documents, submitting the application, applying for a visa for family members and finally entering the country and obtaining a residence permit.

    By meeting these requirements and following the procedure correctly, you can ensure a successful family relocation to Turkey. It is advisable to know the requirements and procedures in advance and carefully prepare all the necessary documents to avoid possible delays or difficulties.

    Child care and leisure activities for children in Turkey

    It is important for foreign families moving to Turkey to understand the various childcare options and fun activities for children. Turkey offers diverse opportunities for children to develop their social and cultural skills and to feel comfortable in a new environment.

    Childcare in Turkey

    Depending on the age of the child and the needs of the family, there are different childcare options in Turkey:

    1. Kindergarten (Anaokulu): As previously mentioned, Kindergarten is intended for children aged 3 to 5 and provides a fun environment to encourage cognitive and emotional development. Nurseries can be public or private and vary in price and quality.
    2. Kindergarten (Kreş): For young children (usually up to 3 years old), a kindergarten can provide care during the week. These facilities can be private or public and are usually subject to a fee.
    3. Nanny (Gündüz Bakıcısı): Another childcare option is to hire a nanny to look after the children during the day. A nanny can work in your home or in her own home, and costs vary depending on the nanny's experience and qualifications.

    Leisure activities for children

    Turkey offers a variety of fun activities for children that will stimulate their interests, develop their skills and give them the opportunity to make friends. Some activities to consider are:

    1. Sports Clubs: Football, basketball, volleyball, swimming and tennis are just a few of the many sports popular in Turkey. Many cities have local sports clubs where children of all ages can train and compete.
    2. Cultural and Educational Centers: Many cities have cultural and educational centers that offer a variety of activities for children, such as theater workshops, chess and dance classes, and science experiments. The centers also hold regular events and festivals for children, giving them the opportunity to learn more about Turkish culture and history.
    3. Amusement Parks and Playgrounds: There are many amusement parks, theme parks and playgrounds in Turkey that are perfect for family outings. These places offer a variety of activities and attractions for children and adults.
    4. Art and Music Schools: For creative children, art and music schools offer classes in painting, drawing, sculpting, musical instruments, and singing. These schools can be either private or public and are usually open in the afternoons and weekends.
    5. Museums: Many museums in Turkey have programs and activities specifically for children, designed to stimulate their interest in art, history and culture. Visiting the museum is an educational and fun activity for the whole family.
    6. Nature and Outdoor Activities: Turkey offers a wealth of nature and outdoor activities for children and families. These activities include hiking, biking, picnics in parks and forests, boat trips or a day at Beach. Exploring Turkey's natural beauty is a great way to keep the family alive and spending time together.
    7. Language courses: For children who want to learn another language, many language schools offer courses in English, German, French and other languages. These courses can help improve a child's language skills and help them integrate better into their new environment.

    Turkey offers foreign families a variety of childcare options and leisure activities to meet the needs and interests of children of all ages. It's important to explore different options and choose the one that works best for your family to ensure your child is happy and well cared for in their new environment. By involving your children in activities that develop their skills and give them opportunities to make friends, you can help them integrate successfully into life in Turkey.

    Health care and medical facilities in Turkey

    When immigrating to Turkey, it is important to understand the healthcare system and the available medical facilities. Turkey's healthcare system has improved significantly in recent years, offering both government and private healthcare facilities to its citizens and foreign residents.

    State Health Care

    Turkey's National Health System, named “SGK” (Sosyal Güvenlik Kurumu), provides basic medical services to Turkish citizens and foreign residents who contribute to the national social security system. Donors are entitled to free or low-cost treatment at government hospitals and clinics, including doctor visits, first aid, medication, laboratory tests, and surgery.

    private healthcare

    Besides the national healthcare system, there are also private hospitals and clinics in Turkey that offer higher quality healthcare and better services. Private healthcare facilities typically have more modern facilities, shorter wait times, and English-speaking staff. However, treatment costs in private hospitals are higher than in public hospitals. Many expats and wealthier Turkish citizens prefer to opt for private health insurance to access these facilities.

    Health insurance for foreigners

    Foreigners living and working in Turkey must complete the national social security system or purchase private health insurance. Minimum requirements for private health insurance may vary depending on residence status. It is wise to look at different insurance options and choose a health plan that suits your needs and budget.

    pharmacies and medicines

    Pharmacies (Eczane) are ubiquitous and convenient in Türkiye. They offer a wide variety of medications, both prescription and over-the-counter. Pharmacists in Turkey are well trained and can often help and advise on minor health concerns. Note that some medicines that are available over the counter in your country may require a prescription in Turkey.

    emergency services

    In the event of a medical emergency, you should call the toll-free number 112. Ambulance services and emergency departments in Turkey are generally well equipped and efficient. However, it is important to note that government hospital staff may not always speak English or other foreign languages. Therefore, it may be helpful to learn basic Turkish medical terms and Redewendungen to learn or provide translation if needed.

    Check-ups and vaccinations

    In Turkey are regular checkups and immunizations are important for both children and adults. Make sure your family is up to date on recommended vaccinations and get regular check-ups to identify and treat health problems early.

    Turkey's healthcare system offers government and private healthcare options that cover a wide range of services. Foreign residents immigrating to Turkey should research different insurance options and healthcare providers to make the best choice for their needs and budget. Also, knowing emergency numbers, pharmacies, health checks and vaccinations is important to ensure your family is well taken care of and healthy during their stay in Turkey.

    Traffic and transportation in Turkey

    When immigrating to Turkey, it is important to understand the country's transportation system and the different modes of transportation. Turkey has a well-developed and diverse transport network that allows you to travel comfortably and cheaply.

    Public transport

    Public transport in Turkey varies by city and region, but most urban areas have a well-developed network of buses, metro, trams and dolmuş (minibuses). Ticket prices are generally cheap, and discounts are often available for students, seniors, and those with disabilities.

    In larger cities such as Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir, there are electronic travel cards such as Istanbul Kart or Izmir Kart, which can be topped up for multiple trips and make it easier to use different modes of transport.


    Various means of transport are available for travel within Türkiye:

    1. Bus: Buses are the main mode of transport for long-distance travel in Türkiye. There are many bus companies that offer comfortable and inexpensive connections between cities and regions. Most buses come with amenities like air conditioning, free Wi-Fi, and beverage service.
    2. Train: Türkiye has a rail network that connects many cities across the country. The national railway company Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Devlet Demiryolları (TCDD) operates high-speed trains (YHT) and conventional trains. Train travel can be a relaxing and scenic alternative to the bus, although it can take longer and cover fewer distances.
    3. Air Travel: With numerous airports in Turkey, domestic flights are a quick way to cover long distances. Several airlines offer domestic flights, including Turkish Airlines, Pegasus Airlines and SunExpress. Flight prices may vary depending on the time of booking and route.
    4. Ferries: Ferries are another way to travel in Turkey, especially between coasts and islands. There are passenger ferries and car ferries that run regularly between the different towns and islands.

    Car traffic and driver's license

    Türkiye drives on the right and traffic rules are similar to those in Europe. A foreign driving license is usually recognized in Türkiye for a maximum of six months. After this period, it may be necessary to exchange the foreign driver's license for a Turkish one or to take an exam to obtain a new driver's license. It is recommended to check the requirements and procedures of your country of origin and residence.

    Driving in Turkey can be challenging, especially in big cities like Istanbul, where traffic is often heavy and drivers can be aggressive. Still, a car can be useful for exploring more remote or rural areas where public transport may not be as accessible.

    Renting a car in Turkey is relatively easy as there are many Car rental companies offer a wide range of vehicles. Always carefully review leasing terms and insurance options before renting a car.

    bicycles and pedestrians

    While cycling is not as common in Turkey as in some European countries, many cities have bike lanes and bike-sharing schemes. The bicycle can be an environmentally friendly and healthy alternative to motorized transport, especially over shorter distances and in less congested areas.

    As a pedestrian in Turkey, it is important to be careful, especially when crossing the street. Be sure to use crosswalks and pedestrian bridges whenever possible, and note that motorists may not always stop to give way to pedestrians.

    Turkey offers a variety of local and long-distance transportation options to cater to the needs of locals and expats alike. When immigrating to Turkey, it is important to become familiar with the different modes of transport and traffic rules in order to travel safely and efficiently. Whether by public transport, plane, Rental car or bike - there are many ways to explore the country and start the day.

    Utilities in Turkey – electricity, water, gas and telecommunications

    One of the most important questions immigrants ask is how healthcare is organized in their destination country. Türkiye has a well-developed supply network that can meet people's basic needs. In this section we cover various aspects of utilities in Turkey including electricity, water, gas and telecom.

    Power Supply

    Türkiye has a reliable grid that supplies electricity to most of the country. The mains voltage is 220 volts and 50 Hz with European F sockets (also called Schuko sockets). Make sure your electrical devices are compatible with Turkish voltage and outlets, or use adapters and voltage converters if needed.

    To register for electricity where you live, you need to contact your local Electricity Association (TEDAŞ). You will need your rental agreement or proof of ownership, passport and Turkish tax identification number. Utility bills are issued monthly and can be paid online, by bank transfer or at a bank branch.

    water supply

    Water supply is reliable in most urban areas of Turkey and tap water is safe to drink in many areas. However, in some areas, particularly rural or coastal areas, water quality can be problematic. In this case, it is recommended to use a water filter or use bottled water.

    The water supply is registered with the local water supplier (ISKI). Similar to electricity, you will need a rental agreement or proof of ownership, a passport and a Turkish tax identification number. Water bills are issued monthly and can be paid like electricity bills.

    gas supply

    In Türkiye, natural gas is mainly used for heating and cooking. Many cities have a natural gas network connected to residential buildings. To register for gas where you live, contact your local gas company (e.g. İGDAŞ in Istanbul) and follow the instructions. Bottled gas is often used in areas where natural gas is not available. These cylinders can be purchased from local stores or delivery services.


    Turkey has a well-developed telecommunications network, including fixed, mobile and internet services. The largest telecommunications providers in Turkey are Türk Telekom, Turkcell, Vodafone and Avea. To activate a landline where you live, you need to contact Türk Telekom or another provider and provide the necessary documents such as passport and rental agreement or proof of ownership.

    There are also numerous cell phone providers in Türkiye offering different tariffs and options. To sign up for a cellphone contract or buy a prepaid SIM card, simply visit a cellphone operator's store and show your passport. It's wise to compare different plans and options to find the deal that best suits your needs.

    Internet coverage in Turkey is well developed in most urban areas, with a choice of providers offering both broadband and fiber connections. To set up an internet connection at home, contact your internet service provider and follow the instructions. In many cases you can also combine internet, landline and TV in one package.

    Utilities are generally good in Turkey and you shouldn't have much trouble getting electricity, water, gas and telecom services in your new home. Research different providers and tariffs to find the best deal for your needs, and learn about the requirements and process for registering for utility service where you live. Armed with this information, you can ensure a smooth and stress-free trip to Turkey.

    Work and employment opportunities in Turkey

    If you are immigrating to Turkey for work, here are some important things you should know in order to find the best employment opportunities and successfully integrate into the labor market. The Turkish economy offers a variety of opportunities for foreign workers, but it is important to understand the working conditions, required permits and work environment expectations.

    work permit and visa

    Foreigners who want to work in Turkey usually need a work permit and an appropriate work visa. Applying for a work permit is usually done through an employer in Turkey and the process can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months. After receiving the work permit, applicants can apply for a work visa at the Turkish Embassy or Consulate in their home country.

    Before applying for a work permit or visa, be sure to check the specific requirements and procedures for your country of origin and residence.

    Job Search

    There are several ways to find a job in Türkiye:

    1. Online job portals: There are several job portals in Turkey such as, and that advertise jobs in various industries. Some international job search portals such as LinkedIn, Indeed and Glassdoor are also helpful when searching for vacancies in Turkey.
    2. Recruitment Agencies: There are many recruitment agencies in Turkey that can help you find the right job. Some agencies specialize in certain industries or the placement of foreign workers.
    3. Networking: Personal connections and networking are essential to finding employment opportunities in Türkiye. It is advisable to get in touch with other expats, Turkish colleagues or industry associations to discover potential employment opportunities.
    4. Newspapers: Some Turkish newspapers, such as Hürriyet and Milliyet, regularly publish vacancies, especially in their weekend editions.

    Popular industries for foreign workers

    Although there are job opportunities in Turkey in all walks of life, some areas are particularly attractive to foreign workers:

    1. Tourism and Hospitality: Tourism in Turkey is very active and there are often job opportunities for foreign workers in hotels, restaurants, travel agencies and similar businesses.
    2. Healthcare: Doctors, nurses and other medical professionals can find employment in private hospitals and clinics in Turkey, especially if they have specialist knowledge and international experience.
    3. Education: English teachers are in high demand in Turkey and there are many opportunities to teach in language schools, private educational institutions and international schools. In some cases, teachers in other foreign languages ​​or disciplines can also be sought.
    4. Information Technology (IT) and Telecommunications: Turkey's IT and telecommunications industry is growing steadily and offers opportunities for foreign professionals in various fields such as software development, systems management and project management.

    work culture and conditions

    The working culture in Turkey differs from other countries. Here are some key points foreign workers should be aware of:

    1. Working time: The normal working time in Turkey is 45 hours per week, divided into five days. However, in some industries such as tourism or retail, working hours may be longer or less regular.
    2. Punctuality: Punctuality is valued in Turkish work culture. Employees are expected to be punctual for meetings and appointments.
    3. Respect and hierarchy: The Turkish work culture is often hierarchical and respect towards superiors and older colleagues is taken for granted. In formal work situations in particular, it is important to behave in a polite and respectful manner.
    4. Dress Code: Dress codes vary by industry and company. Formal attire is usually required in formal occupations such as banking or law, while casual attire is often acceptable in creative or informal occupations such as IT or education.

    There are many job opportunities in Turkey for foreign workers from all walks of life. It is important to understand the work permit and visa requirements, as well as the country's work culture and conditions, in order to be successful in working life. Job hunting can be facilitated by online job portals, recruitment agencies, the internet and newspapers. By adapting to the Turkish working culture and making local contacts, foreign workers can increase their chances of a successful career in Turkey.

    Professions in Turkey - opportunities and tips for emigrants

    When immigrating to Turkey, it is important to understand the career opportunities and job market in the country. Turkey has a diversified economy with numerous job opportunities for foreign workers. In this section, we take a look at some of the most sought-after professions and industries in Turkey and provide tips on how to increase your chances in the Turkish job market.

    Popular Professions and Industries in Turkey

    1. Tourism and Hospitality: Turkey is a popular tourist destination and the hospitality industry offers a variety of job opportunities in hotels, restaurants, travel agencies and leisure facilities.
    2. Construction and Engineering: The construction industry in Turkey is constantly growing and there is a high demand for civil engineers, architects, electricians and other professionals in this field.
    3. Financial Services: Banks, insurance companies and other financial institutions are looking for professionals in the fields of financial planning, risk management, accounting and auditing.
    4. Freelance Opportunities: Freelance designers, translators, writers and consultants can find job opportunities in Turkey through local or international clients.
    5. Education: English teachers are in high demand in Turkey, especially in private schools and language schools. There are also employment opportunities for teachers of other subjects and languages.
    6. IT and Technology: Turkey's technology industry is growing and there is an increasing demand for professionals in software development, web design, web engineering and IT security.
    7. Healthcare: Doctors, nurses and other medical professionals can find employment in private and government hospitals, as well as in international medical institutions.

    Tips for finding a job in Turkey

    1. Language Skills: Mastering the Turkish language is a great advantage in the Turkish job market. Learning Turkish is recommended to increase your employment opportunities and better integrate into the work environment.
    2. Networking: Use local and international networks to network and find potential employers or business partners. Visit events and trade fairs to exchange ideas with other professionals.
    3. Work Permit: To work in Türkiye, you need a work permit. Find out in advance about the requirements and the procedure for obtaining a work permit.
    4. Flexibility and Adaptability: Be open to various employment opportunities and adapt to the working culture in Turkey. Show an interest in Turkish culture and local customs to ensure successful integration into the labor market.
    5. Online job search: Use Turkish job portals such as, or Eleman.netto find vacancies and apply directly. International job search portals such as LinkedIn are also helpful.
    6. Employment agency: Register with a Turkish employment agency or an international employment agency specializing in Turkey. These agencies will help you to find suitable job offers and support you with your application.

    Turkey offers a variety of career opportunities in various industries including tourism, education, IT, healthcare, construction and financial services. In order to be successful in the Turkish labor market, it is important to master the Turkish language, use local and international networks, use online job portals and employment agencies, customize your CV and obtain the necessary work permits. With flexibility and adaptability, you can increase your chances of a successful career in Turkey.

    Manners and customs in Turkey

    When immigrating to Turkey, it is important to understand the country's customs in order to ensure harmony with the local people and avoid any misunderstanding or cultural clash. Turkey has a long history and rich cultural traditions shaped by the fusion of different cultures. Here are some important aspects of Turkish etiquette and customs that you should know:

    courtesy and hospitality

    Turks are known for their courtesy and hospitality. It is common to show respect and appreciation for others, especially the elderly or bosses. Greetings are important, handshakes are common. In more informal situations, the greeting may also include a hug or a kiss on the cheek.

    If invited to someone's house, bring a small gift such as flowers, chocolates, or a bottle as a token of appreciation wine with. It is also customary to remove shoes when entering a Turkish home.

    family values

    Family plays a central role in Turkish culture. Family members maintain close relationships and support each other through good times and bad. It is important to respect older family members and traditions. Holidays and special occasions are often celebrated with large family celebrations and banquets.


    Türkiye is a secular country but the majority of the population is Muslim. Islam influences daily life and culture in many parts of the country. During the Islamic month of Ramadan, Ramadan, many people fast during the day and break their fast after sunset with a communal iftar meal. Even if you don't participate, respect local religious customs.

    Food culture

    Turkish cuisine is diverse and delicious and holds an important place in the country's culture. It is customary to enjoy a meal in the company of family and friends. The Turkish food culture places value on fresh ingredients, variety of tastes and careful preparation of the dishes.

    It is important to show good manners when eating. Use cutlery and napkins, and don't eat with your fingers unless it's an informal meal or a traditional dish eaten that way. It's also common to let others taste what's on your plate, especially in informal settings.


    Turkish society is generally conservative and it is recommended that you dress modestly to show respect and avoid unwanted attention. In urban areas and tourist hubs, dress is often western and modern, while in rural or conservative areas, dress can be more traditional and modest.

    Women should make sure their shoulders, cleavage and knees are covered, especially in conservative areas or when visiting places of worship. Men should wear long pants and sleeved shirts in similar circumstances.

    taboos and rules of conduct

    The Turkish culture has some taboos and rules of conduct to be observed in order to avoid misunderstandings and insults.

    1. Avoid criticism of Turkish culture, politics or history, especially on sensitive issues such as the Armenian genocide or the Kurdish issue.
    2. Never point at anyone with the soles of your feet or shoes as this is considered disrespectful.
    3. Avoid gestures such as the finger or cross symbol as they can appear rude or offensive.
    4. Respect personal distance and avoid excessive physical contact, especially between men and women in public places.


    The official language of Turkey is Turkish, but many Turks also speak English, especially in urban and tourist centers. Still, it would be desirable if you learned and used some basic Turkish phrases to show respect and facilitate communication. Familiarity with Turkish body language and non-verbal communication can also help to avoid misunderstandings.

    Adapting to Turkish customs is an important aspect of immigrating to the country. By learning about Turkish culture, language and traditions, you can promote harmony with the local people and better understand the country and its people. Be a successful part of Turkish society by respecting religious and cultural customs, adapting to food and dress culture, and following codes of conduct.

    Turkish cuisine – delicacies and specialties

    Turkish cuisine is known for its variety, taste and freshness. Traditional dishes vary from region to region, but there are some basic ingredients and special dishes that are common across the country. As an expat in Turkey, you will have the opportunity to discover a wealth of culinary delights and take your taste buds on a journey through the diverse flavors and textures of Turkish cuisine.

    Main ingredients in Turkish cuisine

    Turkish cuisine is based on a variety of fresh ingredients that are locally grown or produced. Some main ingredients are:

    1. Vegetables: Tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, zucchini, beans, lentils, squash and spinach are just some of the many vegetables used in Turkish cuisine.
    2. Meat: Lamb, beef and poultry are the main meats in Turkey, while pork is rarely eaten for religious reasons.
    3. Fish and Seafood: In coastal areas, fish and seafood are the main ingredients. Common examples are sardines, mackerel, snapper and shrimp.
    4. Beans: Chickpeas and lentils are great sources of protein, especially in vegetarian dishes.
    5. Spices: Spices play an important role in Turkish cuisine, pepper, paprika, cumin, mint, oregano and sumac being commonly used.

    Popular Turkish dishes

    Türkiye has a wide range of dishes that you should definitely try. Some of the most famous and popular dishes are:

    1. Döner: Grilled or grilled meat that can be prepared in a variety of ways, such as doner, Şiş kebab, or Adana kebab.
    2. Meze: A collection of appetizers, usually served cold, including a variety of vegetable and yogurt dishes. Meze is usually served as an appetizer or as a main course to share.
    3. Dolma: Vegetables stuffed with a mixture of rice, pine nuts, raisins and spices such as paprika or vine leaves.
    4. Lahmacun: a thin, crispy batter topped with a savory mixture of ground beef, tomatoes, peppers, and onions, then baked in the oven.
    5. Kofte: Turkish meatballs made from minced lamb or beef seasoned with spices and herbs, then grilled or fried.
    6. Manti: Turkish dumplings filled with minced meat, boiled or steamed, usually served with yogurt sauce and melted butter.
    7. Baklava: A thin dough dessert filled with a mixture of chopped nuts and simple syrup, which is then baked in the oven.
    8. Simit: A ring-shaped sesame cake usually eaten for breakfast or as a snack between meals.
    9. Pide: A Turkish pizza in which toppings such as cheese, meat, vegetables or eggs are spread on a flat sheet of dough and baked in the oven.
    10. Börek: a savory pastry made from thin dough filled with various fillings such as spinach, cheese or minced meat and baked or fried.

    food culture and traditions

    The Turkish food culture attaches great importance to hospitality and eating together. In Turkey, it is common for family and friends to gather to eat, chat and relax. Some of the traditions you will notice in Turkish food culture are:

    • Meals are usually divided into courses, starting with a meze, followed by a main course and dessert.
    • Tea and coffee are an important part of Turkish people's daily lives, and it is customary to drink tea or Turkish coffee after meals.
    • Traditional Turkish sweets such as lokum (Turkish honey) and helva are often offered on special occasions or as gifts.

    Turkish cuisine is an important aspect of Turkish life, offering a wealth of flavors, textures and culinary experiences. As an expat in Turkey, you will have the opportunity to discover a variety of local specialties and dishes and take your taste buds on a culinary journey through Turkey. Research key ingredients, sample popular Turkish dishes, and immerse yourself in the country's food culture and traditions to make the most of your new life in Turkey.

    Leisure activities in Turkey

    Turkey offers a wide range of leisure activities that reflect the country's natural beauty, rich culture and history, and vibrant city life. Here are some of the most popular pastimes you can enjoy in Türkiye:

    Natural beauty and outdoor activities

    1. Beaches: Turkey has an impressive coastline stretching along the Mediterranean, Aegean and Black Seas. Spend a lazy day at the beach, partake in water sports or explore the quaint seaside town.
    2. Hiking and Trekking: From hiking trails such as the famous Lycian Way or St Paul's Way to mountain trekking in the Taurus Mountains or the Kačkar Mountains, Turkey offers countless hiking and trekking opportunities.
    3. Hot Springs and Thermal Baths: Turkey is famous for its natural hot springs and thermal baths scattered across the country. Visit places like Pamukkale, hierapolis or the Cappadocia region and enjoy the healing and relaxing properties of Turkish thermal springs.

    cultural activities

    1. Museums and Historical Sites: Turkey has a rich history and culture, which is reflected in its numerous museums and historical sites. Visit the ancient cities Hagia Sophia, Topkapi Palace, Ephesus, Pergamon or Troy, to name just a few.
    2. Festivals and Events: Turkey has a vibrant festival calendar of arts, music, film, theater and more. Experience the cultural diversity of Turkey at events such as the Istanbul Film Festival, the Ankara International Music Festival or the Cappadox Music Festival.
    3. Traditional Turkish Crafts: Discover traditional Turkish art forms such as ceramics, carpet making, calligraphy or ebru (paper marble art) in workshops, courses or studio visits.

    Urban Life and Nightlife

    1. Shopping: Turkey offers excellent shopping opportunities, from modern malls and designer shops to traditional bazaars and local handicraft markets. Don't miss the Grand Bazaar and the Egyptian Spice Bazaar in Istanbul or the bazaars in Bursa and Izmir.
    2. Gastronomic Experience: Turkish cuisine is world famous for its variety and flavors. Use your free time to try new dishes at local restaurants, cafes or street stalls. You can also take cooking classes to learn the secrets of Turkish cuisine and prepare your favorite dishes at home.
    3. Sporting Events: Football is very popular in Turkey and watching matches is an exciting and fun pastime. You can also play basketball, volleyball and motor sports.
    4. Cinemas and theatres: Turkey has a vibrant film scene and a rich theater district. Visit a local cinema to watch Turkish and international films, or catch a theatre, opera or ballet performance.
    5. Nightlife: In the larger cities of Turkey such as Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir you will find a vibrant nightlife with a variety of bars, clubs, restaurants and live music venues.

    family activities

    1. Amusement Parks and Zoos: Turkey offers a variety of amusement parks and zoos for families with children. Visit Vialand Amusement Park in Istanbul, Sazova Park in Eskisehir or Gaziantep Zoo to name a few.
    2. Educational and Cultural Centers: There are many educational and cultural centers in Turkey that offer interactive and educational activities for both children and adults. Examples are the Rahmi M. Koç Museums in Istanbul, the Eskişehir Science Center or the Antalya Aquarium.
    3. Outdoor Activities for the Family: Turkey also offers many family-friendly outdoor activities such as picnics in parks, boat trips, biking or bird watching.

    Türkiye offers a wealth of leisure activities for every interest. Whether you want to explore the country's natural beauty, discover its rich culture and history, or enjoy the vibrant city life, there is always something new and exciting to discover and experience. By participating in leisure activities in the country, you can better understand Turkish culture and integrate more easily into your new homeland.

    Security in Turkey

    Safety is an important consideration when moving to a new country. Overall, Turkey is considered a safe country for expats and tourists. Still, it's important to be aware of the security issues and to take some basic precautions to ensure you and your family can live and travel safely in Turkey.


    The crime rate in Turkey is relatively low compared to many other countries. Violent crimes are rare and most crimes are limited to pickpocketing, fraud or burglary. To avoid becoming a victim of a crime, you should take a few basic precautions:

    1. Stay alert and be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded or touristy areas.
    2. Keep your valuables and personal belongings safe and do not display expensive jewelry or electronic devices in public.
    3. Avoid walking alone in unfamiliar or poorly lit places at night.
    4. Watch out for scams and use caution when conducting any business or financial transaction.


    Turkey has experienced some terrorist attacks in the past, mainly by domestic or regional terrorist groups. However, Turkish security forces have been very active in the fight against terrorism and have thwarted many potential attacks in recent years. To protect yourself from terrorism, consider the following:

    1. Be aware of the current security situation in Turkey and avoid areas that are considered unsafe.
    2. Watch out for suspicious behavior on public transport, tourist attractions and major events.
    3. Follow instructions from local security forces and report suspicious activity or people.

    Natural disaster

    Türkiye lies on several tectonic plates and is therefore prone to earthquakes. It's important to prepare for a possible earthquake by knowing the earthquake hazards in your area, having an emergency plan, and what to do during and after an earthquake.

    traffic safety

    Road safety can be an issue in Turkey as traffic rules are not always followed and accidents are common. To ensure your safety on Turkish roads, you should:

    1. Obey the traffic rules and drive carefully.
    2. If possible, avoid driving at night or in unfavorable weather conditions.
    3. Always wear a seat belt and make sure the child is in an appropriate child safety seat or booster seat.
    4. Be extra careful when walking and watch out for traffic before crossing the street.
    5. If you ride a bike, wear a helmet and obey traffic laws.

    Personal security

    It is also important to take care of your personal safety when living in Turkey. Here are some tips to stay safe:

    1. Respect local culture and traditions and avoid misunderstandings or conflicts.
    2. Keep your personal information and contact details private, especially on social media and online platforms.
    3. Avoid political discussions or demonstrations as they may lead to unintended conflicts or safety hazards.
    4. When traveling abroad, let family or friends know about your travel plans and keep in touch regularly.
    5. Keep copies of your passport and important documents in a safe place in case they are lost or stolen.

    Although Turkey is generally considered a safe country, it is important to understand the security risks and take proper precautions to minimize the risk of crime, terrorism or natural disasters. By staying alert and following the safety tips above, you can help ensure your stay in Turkey is comfortable and safe.

    Scams in Turkey

    Like any country, Turkey has its share of scams that expats and tourists can encounter. It is important to understand and avoid these scams to protect yourself and your money. Here are some of the most common scams to watch out for in Türkiye:

    1. Pickpocketing and distraction scams: Pickpockets often use distraction methods to divert the victim's attention when stealing wallets, cell phones, or other valuables. This can happen on crowded public transport, tourist attractions or busy shopping streets. To avoid pickpocketing, keep your valuables safe, be aware of your surroundings, and don't fall for accidental distractions.
    2. Currency exchange scams: Some currency exchange bureaus take advantage of tourists' ignorance by charging them unfavorable exchange rates or hidden fees. To avoid exchange fraud, you should always check the current exchange rates and only exchange at reputable exchange offices or banks.
    3. Carpet sales scam: In Turkey, it is not uncommon to come across carpet sellers who allegedly offer tourists and immigrants valuable hand-knotted carpets at reasonable prices. In many cases, however, these are inferior or machine-made carpets. In order not to be scammed, you should know yourself before buying a carpet and only buy from reputable dealers.
    4. Counterfeit goods scam: There are many sellers in Turkey who offer counterfeit designer or branded items such as bags, clothes or jewellery. These counterfeit products may be of poor quality or violate copyright laws. To protect yourself from this scam, only buy from official stores or trusted retailers.
    5. Taxi scams: Some taxi drivers take advantage of the ignorance of tourists and expatriates by overcharging or not using their taximeters. To avoid taxi scams, you should always insist that the driver turn on the meter or know the usual fare beforehand. You can also use taxi apps to make sure you pay a fair price.
    6. Be careful when conducting online transactions and make sure you only make purchases or provide personal information from reputable sites.
    7. Be wary of strangers who offer to help or guide you in a particular business or activity. Sometimes these people get commissions for luring unsuspecting tourists into expensive or fraudulent situations.
    8. Be careful when booking private accommodation through sites like Airbnb. Make sure to check host reviews and information, and contact the platform if you suspect fraud.
    9. Be careful when using ATMs, especially in remote or poorly lit areas. Hide your PIN when withdrawing money and report suspicious activity or devices to your bank or the police.

    Although most people in Turkey are friendly and helpful, it's important to protect yourself and your money by being aware of possible scams. By staying up to date with your surroundings, you can avoid becoming a victim of scams and enjoy your stay in Turkey with peace of mind.

    By staying alert and following the safety tips above, you can help ensure your stay in Turkey is comfortable and safe. Finally, don't let the fear of scams stop you from enjoying Turkey and its rich culture. With a little caution and common sense, you can make the most of the many wonderful experiences this country has to offer.

    Important numbers in Turkey - emergency calls and useful phone numbers

    If you are immigrating or living in Turkey, it is very important to know the most important emergency numbers and useful phone numbers to get help quickly or to find important information when you need it. In this section you will find a list of the most important emergency and useful phone numbers in Turkey.

    Emergency numbers in Turkey

    • Police: 155
    • Gendarmerie (rural police): 156
    • Fire department: 110
    • Ambulance: 112
    • Coast Guard: 158
    • Disaster and Emergency Management (AFAD): 122
    • Gas emergency service: 187
    • Water rescue: 159

    Please note that the above emergency numbers are toll-free and available XNUMX hours a day.

    Useful phone numbers in Turkey

    • Information (telephone numbers): 11811, 11880 or 11833
    • Turkey international dialing code: +90
    • Time service: 119
    • Telephone counseling (only available in Turkish): 182
    • PTT (Postal Services and Telecommunications): 444 1 788
    • Electricity (malfunction report): 186

    In addition to the above numbers, there may be local numbers for various services and facilities, such as: B. Hospitals, universities, transport companies and municipalities. When you arrive in Turkey, find out the local phone number assigned to your place of residence.

    Knowing the main emergency numbers and useful phone numbers in Turkey is essential to get help quickly or to collect vital information when needed. Make a note of the numbers listed above and keep them in an easy-to-reach place for future reference if needed. Also, find out about local numbers and services in your new area.

    Disadvantages of emigrating to Turkey

    Although there are many advantages to living in Turkey, there are also some disadvantages that you should consider before taking the big plunge. Listed below are some potential disadvantages associated with immigrating to Turkey.

    language barrier

    Turkish can be challenging for expats, especially those with no experience of the language. Without sufficient language skills, it can be difficult to cope with everyday life, find work opportunities and integrate into Turkish society.

    Cultural differences

    Türkiye has a unique culture that is very different from Western countries. These cultural differences can be related to traditions, social norms, and religious practices. It can take time to get used to these differences, and in some cases they can cause misunderstandings or integration difficulties.


    Turkish bureaucracy can be complex and confusing for expats. Navigating the various government agencies, application processes, and legal requirements can be frustrating and time-consuming. Emigrants should be prepared for possible bureaucratic hurdles and find out about the necessary steps and documents at an early stage.

    Economic situation

    Although Turkey's economy has grown in recent years, economic challenges such as high inflation, unemployment and political uncertainty remain. These factors affect the cost of living, labor market conditions and the overall quality of life.

    traffic and infrastructure

    In some parts of Turkey, especially in big cities like Istanbul and Ankara, traffic is very chaotic and congested. Public transport can also be crowded and unreliable. Rural areas can also have limited infrastructure and difficult access to basic services and facilities.

    Immigrating to Turkey has both advantages and disadvantages that should be carefully considered. Language barriers, cultural differences, bureaucratic challenges, economic conditions, and transportation and infrastructure issues are some of the disadvantages you may encounter. By being aware of potential difficulties and preparing to face them, you can better meet these challenges and increase your chances of successfully integrating into Turkish society.

    Tips for a successful life in Turkey

    Now that you know the basics of moving to Turkey, here are some tips to help you settle into your new home quickly and successfully:

    1. Learn the local language: As mentioned earlier, learning the Turkish language is essential to integrate into Turkish society and to develop good relationships with neighbors and colleagues.
    2. Make Local Connections: Networking is very important in Turkey to help you find professional and personal opportunities. Try to socialize and join a local club or group to meet new people.
    3. Explore the country: Turkey has an impressive variety of landscapes, historical sites and cultural attractions to offer. Enjoy free time to explore the country and learn about its beauty and history.
    4. Respect for culture and customs: Make sure to respect Turkish customs and customs and be open to cultural differences. In this way you can better integrate into society and avoid misunderstandings.

    Note: Please note that the information in this blog post is general and should not be considered complete or conclusive. They are only intended to give you an overview of the topic of "immigration to Turkey" and give you some tips and tricks. Legal regulations, procedures and circumstances in individual cases may differ from case to case. You should therefore always obtain comprehensive information before immigrating to Turkey, check the applicable laws and regulations and, if necessary, seek expert help, such as a lawyer, accountant or immigration consultant. The author and operator of the blog assumes no liability for any errors, inaccuracies or omissions that may appear in this article, or for any loss, damage or injury that may result from the use of the information provided. No guarantee is given that the information provided is correct, complete and up-to-date. Ultimately, you are responsible for your decision to immigrate to Turkey and comply with all legal and regulatory requirements.

    Indispensable important travel essentials for the next vacation

    Aesthetic medicine in Turkey

    Discover the benefits of aesthetic medicine through cosmetic surgeries and treatments in Turkey.

    On the subject of matching items

    9 Popular Turkish Clothing Brands - Koton, Defacto, LC Waikiki, Colin's, LTB, Ipekyol, Vakko, Mavi, Roman

    Feeling good and looking good go hand in hand in Turkey, as the younger generation of Turkish shoppers not only follow clothing brands or clothing...

    21 must-see attractions in Kusadasi that you cannot miss when you visit

    Kusadasi - While the trio of sea, sand and sun is very important to vacationers, the natural beauty, history and...

    Top 5 Malls in Alanya: Discover the best places to shop

    Alanya has become one of Turkey's most prestigious beach destinations, attracting many tourists every year with its all-inclusive resorts, beachfront villas and high-end shops. With...


    Top 5 Malls in Alanya: Discover the best places to shop

    Alanya has become one of Turkey's most prestigious beach destinations, attracting many tourists every year with its all-inclusive resorts, beachfront villas and high-end shops. With...

    Turkish drinks you should definitely know

    Turkey offers a wide range of local drinks to try - hot or cold, with or without alcohol. Some of them sound and...

    The largest and leading supermarket chains in Turkey

    Many large supermarket chains operate effectively in Turkey. Most are original Turkish brands, but there are other foreign chains that...

    Turkish proverbs, sayings and wisdom

    18 well-known Turkish proverbs, idioms and wisdom Are you looking for Turkish proverbs? Turkish proverbs, sayings and wisdom that we have translated into German. At the moment of...

    Internet and telephone in Turkey (insider tips on WiFi, mobile network & roaming)

    If you want to answer a typical travel question: "How do I stay connected to the internet and phone while traveling?" Get an overview here...