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    Holidays in Turkey: A journey through tradition and celebration - 2024

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    What are the characteristics of the holidays in Turkey?

    Turkey, a country at the intersection of East and West, is known for its rich culture and history. The holidays here are a colorful mosaic of national pride, religious devotion and joyous gathering. From national commemorations to religious festivals, each holiday offers a unique insight into Turkish culture and way of life.

    History of Holidays: How did Turkish holidays develop?

    Many Turkish holidays have their roots in the country's long history, shaped by different civilizations and cultures. Others are of more recent origin and reflect the modern aspects of the Turkish Republic. What they all have in common is that they reflect the spirit of the Turkish community and identity.

    What holidays are there in Turkey and what do they celebrate?

    1. New Year (Yılbaşı) – January 1st: The New Year in Turkey is celebrated similarly to the West, with parties and fireworks.
      • traditions: New Year is celebrated in Turkey with various traditions and customs. These include singing New Year's songs, lighting fireworks and toasting with champagne or other drinks at midnight.
      • Celebrations: In Turkey's cities, there are often public events and celebrations where people come together to welcome the New Year. These events can include concerts, fireworks shows and street parties.
      • food and drinks: New Year is also a time when people in Turkey prepare and enjoy special meals. These include traditional dishes such as “Hamsi Pilavı” (sardine rice) and “Yılbaşı Kurabiyesi” (New Year's cookies).
      • Gifts: Similar to many other countries, gift giving during New Year is common in Turkey. Family members and friends exchange gifts to express their appreciation and love.
    2. National Sovereignty Day and Children's Festival (April 23): On this day, Turks celebrate the founding of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It is also a day dedicated to children and highlights their importance for the future of the country.
      • History: April 23rd has a special historical significance for Turkey. On this day in 1920, the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey, gathered in Ankara . This day was later declared a national holiday to celebrate the sovereignty of the Turkish people.
      • Kinderfest: April 23rd is also Children's Day in Turkey. On this day, children are put at the center and honored. Schools organize special events, concerts and parades for children to participate and show off their talents.
      • festivities: National Sovereignty and Children’s Day celebrations are widespread across the country. Many cities host parades, concerts and events in which children play the main role. The children wear traditional clothing and perform dances and performances.
      • Gifts: It is customary to pamper children with gifts and sweets on this day. Stores and companies often offer special discounts and offers on children's products.
      • Significance: This holiday highlights the importance of children's rights and emphasizes the future of the nation. It reminds us of the importance of democracy and sovereignty and honors children as bearers of hope and heirs of the nation.
    3. Labor and Solidarity Day (May 1st): Known internationally as Labor Day, it is also a significant day in Turkey.
      • History: The origins of May Day date back to the labor movement of the late 1th century, when workers in the United States fought for better working conditions, shorter hours and fairer wages. The Haymarket Riot in Chicago in 19 was a pivotal event that led to the selection of May 1886 as Labor Day.
      • Significance: May 1st is a day to celebrate and emphasize workers' rights. It is a time to highlight the progress of the labor movement and to promote solidarity among workers.
      • Events: In Turkey and many other countries, various events and demonstrations are organized on May 1st. Workers and unions take part in rallies to raise awareness of their concerns and advocate for their rights.
      • Free from work: May 1st is a public holiday in Turkey where most people have a day off. Many shops, offices and schools are closed on this day to allow workers to take part in the celebrations.
      • Unions: Trade unions play an important role in May Day events in Turkey. They organize demonstrations, rallies and events to represent workers' concerns.
    4. Youth and Sports Day (May 19): This day honors Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's landing in Samsun in 1919, which marked the beginning of the Turkish War of Independence. It is also dedicated to young people.
      • History: May 19th has a special historical significance as it marks the date of the beginning of Turkey's War of Independence in 1919. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk landed in Samsun on this day to start the movement for independence.
      • Youth and sport: May 19th is a day focused on youth and sports. Schools, sports clubs and communities organize sports activities, competitions and parades in which young people and athletes take part.
      • Celebrations: Youth and Sports Day celebrations are widespread across the country. There are parades, concerts, sporting competitions and events where youth can show off their talents and skills.
      • Significance: This holiday highlights the importance of youth to the future of the nation and emphasizes the role of sports in the physical and mental development of young people. It is a time of inspiration and encouragement for the youth to pursue their dreams and goals.
      • National pride: Youth and Sports Day is an occasion for Turks to be proud of their history and national identity. It is a reminder of the determination and spirit of independence that characterized Turkey.
    5. Victory Day (Zafer Bayramı) – August 30th: Commemorates the victory in the Battle of Dumlupınar, one of the decisive battles in the Turkish War of Independence.
      • History: August 30 commemorates the decisive Battle of Dumlupınar, in which Turkish troops led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk won a decisive victory over Greek troops, paving the way to Turkey's independence. This victory marks the climax of the Turkish War of Independence.
      • Celebrations: Victory Day celebrations are widespread across the country. There are parades, military parades, fireworks displays and events where citizens celebrate national unity and victory.
      • Ataturk: Victory Day is also an opportunity to honor Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who played a key role in the struggle for independence and later became the founder of the modern Republic of Turkey. His portraits and quotes are widely shared during the celebrations.
      • National pride: Victory Day is an occasion for Turks to be proud of their history and their victory in the struggle for independence. It is a time of unity and national pride.
      • Holiday: August 30th is a public holiday in Turkey, with most shops, offices and schools closed. People use the day to take part in the celebrations and reflect on the meaning of Victory Day.
    6. Republic Day (Cumhuriyet Bayramı) – October 29th: This day celebrates the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in 1923.
      • History: On October 29, 1923, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk proclaimed the establishment of the Republic of Turkey and became its first president. This historic day marks the end of the Ottoman Empire and the beginning of a new era in Turkish history.
      • Celebrations: Republic Day celebrations are widespread across the country. There are parades, military parades, concerts, fireworks and events where citizens celebrate the founding of the Republic and the values ​​of the Republic of Turkey.
      • Ataturk: Republic Day is also an opportunity to honor Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who founded the Republic of Turkey and initiated important reforms to modernize the country. His portraits and quotes are omnipresent during the celebrations.
      • National pride: Republic Day is an occasion for Turks to be proud of their republic and its values ​​such as freedom, equality and democracy. It is a time of unity and national pride.
      • Significance: This holiday highlights the importance of the Republic of Turkey as a sovereign state and the legacy of Ataturk. It commemorates the achievements and vision of the Republic and the progress the country has made in recent decades.

    Religiose Feiertage:

    • Ramadan Festival (Ramazan Bayramı or Şeker Bayramı): A 3-day festival that marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. It is a time of celebration, prayer and togetherness.
    • Festival of Sacrifice (Kurban Bayramı): One of the most important Islamic festivals that lasts four days. It commemorates Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son and is a time of gratitude and giving.

    Ramazan Bayramı in Turkey: Traditions and Meaning of Ramadan

    The festival of Ramadan, known as “Ramazan Bayramı” or “Şeker Bayramı” in Turkey, is one of the most important religious festivals in Islam and a significant social event. Here is some information about Ramadan:

    • Date: The festival of Ramadan takes place on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal, immediately after the fasting month of Ramadan. The exact date varies each year as the Islamic calendar is based on the lunar cycle.
    • religious meaning: The festival of Ramadan marks the end of the fasting month of Ramadan, during which Muslims worldwide fast from sunrise to sunset every day. It is a celebration of gratitude and joy for the completion of fasting and spiritual reflection.
    • traditions: During Ramadan, Muslims in Turkey visit the graves of their deceased, pray in mosques, share prayers and blessings with others, and donate alms to those in need. A special aspect of the festival is the custom of giving away sweets (such as baklava and Turkish honey), which gave rise to the name “Şeker Bayramı” (Sugar Festival).
    • Social event: Ramadan is also a social event where families and friends come together to enjoy the celebrations. It is common to wear new clothes and exchange gifts. Visits to relatives and neighbors are also a tradition.
    • Food and hospitality: During Ramadan, traditional Turkish dishes are prepared and shared with guests. It is a time of hospitality when people open their homes to visitors and offer them food and sweets.
    • Gifts: It is customary to give gifts to children and family members, especially money or sweets, to share the joy of the festival.

    Ramadan is a significant event that brings Turkish society closer together and emphasizes the importance of community and spiritual values ​​in Islam. It is a time of joy, prayer and celebration for Muslims in Turkey and around the world.

    Kurban Bayramı in Turkey: Meaning and Traditions of the Festival of Sacrifice

    The Festival of Sacrifice, known as “Kurban Bayramı” in Turkey, is one of the most important religious festivals in Islam and a significant event in Turkish culture. Here is some information about the Feast of Sacrifice:

    • Date: The Festival of Sacrifice takes place on the 10th day of the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah, commemorating the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) according to Islamic tradition. The exact date varies every year due to the Islamic calendar.
    • religious meaning: The Feast of Sacrifice honors Prophet Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his son Ishmael according to God's command. God intervened and sent a sheep as a sacrifice instead. Muslims around the world sacrifice animals such as sheep, goats or cattle as a sign of their devotion and fear of God.
    • traditions: During the Festival of Sacrifice, Muslims in Turkey visit mosques for prayer and animal sacrifice. Distributing meat to those in need and to one's own family is an important part of the tradition.
    • Social event: The Sacrificial Feast is also a social event where family members and friends come together to share the sacrificial meal. It is common to wear new clothes and exchange gifts.
    • Hospitality and sharing: Sharing the sacrificed meat with those in need and neighbors is an important tradition of the Festival of Sacrifice that emphasizes solidarity and the values ​​of charity in Islam.
    • Gifts: It is customary to give gifts to children and family members to share the joy of the festival.

    The Festival of Sacrifice is a significant religious event that brings Turkish society closer together and emphasizes the values ​​of devotion, sharing and charity in Islam. It is a time of joy, prayer and celebration for Muslims in Turkey and around the world.

    Admission, opening times, tickets & tours: Are there any special features during the holidays?

    During national and religious holidays in Turkey, some shops, banks and public institutions may be closed. It's a good idea to check this before your trip, especially if you have plans for sightseeing and activities.

    How do you celebrate in Turkey and what should you keep in mind?

    Holidays in Turkey are characterized by community and tradition. It is common for families to get together, prepare special meals and attend special religious services. As a visitor, it is a wonderful opportunity to experience the cultural heritage. Respect local customs and traditions and be ready to get into the festive spirit.

    Conclusion: Why the Turkish holidays are a unique experience

    The holidays in Turkey offer a fascinating mix of history, culture and joy. They are a living reminder of the diverse influences that have shaped Turkey and a chance to enjoy the country's warm hospitality and festive atmosphere. Whether you stroll through the streets decorated with lights, take part in a traditional ceremony, or simply watch the hustle and bustle and joy of the locals, the holidays in Turkey are an experience not to be missed. Pack your bags, bring your heart of adventure and immerse yourself in the festive world of Turkey!

    These 10 travel gadgets should not be missing on your next trip to Türkiye

    1. With clothing bags: Organize your suitcase like never before!

    If you travel a lot and regularly travel with your suitcase, you probably know the chaos that sometimes accumulates in it, right? Before each departure there is a lot of tidying up so that everything fits in. But, you know what? There is a super practical travel gadget that will make your life easier: panniers or clothing bags. These come in a set and have different sizes, perfect for neatly storing your clothes, shoes and cosmetics. This means your suitcase will be ready for use again in no time, without you having to fiddle around for hours. That's brilliant, isn't it?

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    2. No more excess baggage: use digital luggage scales!

    A digital luggage scale is really awesome for anyone who travels a lot! At home you can perhaps use the normal scale to check whether your suitcase is not too heavy. But it's not always that easy when you're on the road. But with a digital luggage scale you are always on the safe side. It is so handy that you can even take it with you in your suitcase. So if you've done a bit of shopping on holiday and are worried that your suitcase is too heavy, don't stress! Simply get out the luggage scale, hang the suitcase on it, lift it and you'll know how much it weighs. Super practical, right?

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    3. Sleep like you're on clouds: the right neck pillow makes it possible!

    No matter whether you have long flights, train or car journeys ahead of you - getting enough sleep is a must. And so that you don't have to go without it when you're on the go, a neck pillow is an absolute must-have. The travel gadget presented here has a slim neck bar, which is intended to prevent neck pain compared to other inflatable pillows. In addition, a removable hood offers even more privacy and darkness while sleeping. So you can sleep relaxed and refreshed anywhere.

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    4. Sleep comfortably on the go: The perfect sleep mask makes it possible!

    In addition to the neck pillow, a high-quality sleeping mask should not be missing from any luggage. Because with the right product everything stays dark, whether on a plane, train or car. So you can relax and unwind a little on the way to your well-deserved vacation.

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    6. Enjoy the summer without annoying mosquito bites: the bite healer in focus!

    Tired of itchy mosquito bites on vacation? A stitch healer is the solution! It is part of the basic equipment, especially in areas where mosquitoes are numerous. An electronic stitch healer with a small ceramic plate heated to about 50 degrees is ideal. Simply hold it on the fresh mosquito bite for a few seconds and the heat pulse prevents the release of the itching-promoting histamine. At the same time, the mosquito saliva is neutralized by the heat. This means the mosquito bite stays itch-free and you can enjoy your vacation undisturbed.

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    7. Always dry on the go: The microfiber travel towel is the ideal companion!

    When you travel with hand luggage, every centimeter in your suitcase is important. A small towel can make all the difference and create space for more clothes. Microfiber towels are particularly practical: They are compact, light and dry quickly - perfect for showering or the beach. Some sets even include a large bath towel and a face towel for even more versatility.

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    8. Always well prepared: The first aid kit bag just in case!

    Nobody wants to get sick on vacation. That's why it's important to be well prepared. A first-aid kit with the most important medications should therefore not be missing from any suitcase. A first aid kit bag ensures that everything is safely stowed away and is always within easy reach. These bags come in different sizes depending on how many medications you want to take with you.

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    9. The ideal travel suitcase for unforgettable adventures on the go!

    A perfect travel suitcase is more than just a container for your things - it is your faithful companion on all your adventures. It should not only be robust and hard-wearing, but also practical and functional. With plenty of storage space and clever organization options, it helps you keep everything organized, whether you're heading into the city for a weekend or on a long vacation to the other side of the world.

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    10. The ideal smartphone tripod: Perfect for solo travelers!

    A smartphone tripod is the perfect companion for solo travelers who want to take photos and videos of themselves without having to constantly ask for someone else. With a sturdy tripod, you can safely place your smartphone and take photos or videos from different angles to capture unforgettable moments.

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