Patara is an ancient city on the coast of the Turkeythat for her History and breathtaking architecture. If you are planning a visit to Turkey, you should definitely make a detour to Patara to explore this beautiful city.
History of Patara
The ancient city of Patara lies between Fethiye and Shield, at the south-west end of the Xanthos Valley in the present-day village of Ovageleş and is one of the most important and oldest cities in Lycia. In addition to its archaeological and historical value, the ancient city of Patara, excavated since 1988, is of particular importance as it is one of the rare beaches where the Mediterranean turtle Caretta-Caretta lays eggs and hatches for millions of years.
Patara was an important city in ancient times and played an important role in trade between East and West. It was an important city in the Lycian region controlled by the Greeks, Romans and Byzantines. In Roman times, Patara was an important port city, famous for its shipbuilding industry. The city is also the birthplace of Saint Nicholas, known as the patron saint of seafarers.
Sights in Patara
- Theater: The Patara Theater is one of the most impressive attractions the city. It was built in the 2nd century AD and can seat up to 10.000 spectators. The theater was partially restored in the 1990s and still hosts occasional performances today.
- Necropolis: The Patara necropolis is an impressive burial site that stretches along the road from Patara to Xanthos extends. Most burials date from Roman times, and some are still well preserved.
- Hadrian's Gate: Hadrian's Gate is a well-preserved Roman city gate from AD 120. It was built in honor of the Roman Emperor Hadrian built as part of the walls of Patara.
- The Bouleuterion: The Bouleuterion in Patara is the meeting point of the city and was built in the 2nd century AD. It can accommodate up to 1.200 people and is a place where city policy issues are discussed.
How to get to the ancient city of Patara
The best way to get to Patara is by bus or by a Rental car. There are bus connections from Antalya, Fethiye and Nov. If you're arriving by car, note that Patara doesn't have public transport and it's best to rent a car to explore the city and its surroundings.
Tips for visiting Patara
- Wear comfortable shoes as many points of interest & sights are within walking distance from Patara.
- Avoid visiting Patara during the hot summer months as temperatures can be very high.
- Take enough Timeto explore the city and its surroundings, because there is a lot to see here.
What can I do in Patara Ancient City?
Patara is not only an interesting ancient city but also famous for its magnificent Beach by Patara. Patara Beach is the place where im Summer many people flock.
The entrance to the present-day ruins of the city is through the magnificent and well-preserved Roman triumphal arch. The inscription indicates that it was built in the name of the governor in 100 AD.
On the hillside west of Tak is a graveyard with Lycian sarcophagi. The inscription indicates that the theater on Leaded-Tepe at the southernmost point of the city was rebuilt after the earthquake in 147 AD. Kurşunlu Tepe, where the theater rests, is the most beautiful corner with a panoramic view of the city.
From here more ruins of the city can be seen, the Baths of Vespasian, the Corinthian Temple, the main street, the port and the granary are all clearly visible.
The granary behind the swamp on the north-west of the hill is one of Patara's monumental buildings, built in the 2nd century AD by Emperor Hadrian and his wife Sabina. North of the theater is the Parliament building, where Patara, the capital of the Lycian Union, sat.
Patara Lighthouse is believed to be the oldest lighthouse in the world, built in 60 AD.
Birthplace of Saint Nicholas
It is believed that Saint Nicholas was born in Patara around 280 AD. Saint Nicholas spent most of his life in the nearby town Myra (Demre).
Birthplace of Apollo and Artemis
According to Greek mythology, Patara was the birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. Apollo and Artemis are the twins of Zeus and his forbidden lover Leto. It is believed that Patara had a temple of Apollo as the center of prophecy. A huge bust of Apollo was found on the hill next to the city, indicating the existence of the Apollo Temple.
Patara kept its importance throughout the Middle Ages and today it has become an important center with the arrival of the Turks.
Patara also has a stunning beach that is considered one of the best beaches in Turkey. The beach stretches 18 km along the coast and is part of Patara National Park. The beach is known for its fine white sand and crystal clear water. It's a great place to relax and enjoy nature.
The beach is also an important breeding ground for sea turtles, particularly the Caretta Caretta turtles. For this reason, the beach of Mai until October limited access to protect the turtles. If you plan to visit the beach, you should find out the exact details before your visit Opening hours and inform restrictions.
There are many restaurants and cafes along the beach serving a variety of Turkish and seafood dishes. Patara Beach is a great place to relax, swim and sunbathe.
All in all, Patara Beach is a great place to enjoy nature and relax. If you avoid turtle season, this is a perfect day at the beach.
Frequently asked questions about the ancient city of Patara in Turkey
How to reach Patara?
Patara is accessible by car or public transport. There are buses that run regularly to Patara from the surrounding towns and villages.
What is Patara?
Patara is an ancient city in Turkey, located on the southern coast of the country.
When was Patara founded?
The exact foundation of Patara is not known, but it is believed that the city was founded in the 8th century BC. was founded.
What is there to see in Patara?
The main attractions in Patara include the theatre, the necropolis, Hadrian's Gate, the Bouleuterion and the Agora.
How long is Patara beach?
Patara Beach stretches for 18 km along the coast.
What is Patara National Park?
Patara National Park is a protected area along the coast that includes Patara Beach and the surrounding forests and dunes.
What are the opening hours of Patara?
Patara's opening times vary depending on the time of year, but in general the city is open from dawn to dusk.
Is Patara beach open all year round?
No, Patara Beach has limited access from May to October to protect sea turtle breeding grounds.
Are there restaurants in Patara?
Yes, there are several restaurants and cafes in town and along Patara beach.
How much time should you allow for a visit to Patara?
It is recommended to plan at least half a day to visit Patara to explore the main attractions and beaches.
Entrance fee, tickets and tours to the ancient city of Patara
- Admission: Patara is in summer (1. April to 31 October) from 8.30 a.m. to 19.30 p.m. and in Winter (31 October to 1 April) open from 8.30am to 17.30pm.
- Tickets: The ticket for Patara is 30 TL per person. Museum card holders can visit Patara for free.
- Tours: There are many local travel agencies that organize day trips to Patara from Antalya and the surrounding area.
Patara: Discover the treasures of an ancient city and relax on one of Turkey's best beaches
Patara is a city with a rich history and impressive architecture that is worth visiting. The city's sights, such as the theatre, the necropolis, Hadrian's Gate and the Bouleuterion, give a glimpse of life in antiquity. There are various transportation options to reach Patara and it is best to rent a car to explore the city and its surroundings. When visiting the city, you should wear comfortable shoes and allow enough time to explore the city and its surroundings.